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Allen, Jeff; Mattern, Krista; Ndum, Edwin – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2019
We derived an index of high school academic rigor (HSAR) by optimizing the prediction of first-year college GPA (FYGPA) based on high school courses taken, grades, and indicators of advanced coursework. Using a large data set and nominal parameterization of high school course outcomes, the HSAR index capitalizes on differential contributions…
Descriptors: High Schools, Difficulty Level, Prediction, Grade Point Average
Allen, Jeff – ACT, Inc., 2018
Based on the first cohort of students who took the PreACT® in 10th grade and the ACT® test in 11th grade, this study examines the effects of PreACT adoption on ACT test scores, participation in challenging high school courses, interest-major fit, and college score sending behavior. Adoption of the PreACT led to an increase in ACT Composite score…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Grade 10, Grade 11, Scores
Wai, Jonathan; Allen, Jeff – ACT, Inc., 2018
Many academically-advanced youth take the ACT® test in 7th grade for academic talent searches and again in 11th or 12th grade for college admissions. We leveraged this sample of 460,033 students, taking an exploratory analytic approach to examine trends in academic growth from 1996 to 2016. We examined potential predictors of academic growth,…
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Academic Achievement, Secondary School Students, Academically Gifted
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Allen, Jeff – Applied Measurement in Education, 2017
Using a sample of schools testing annually in grades 9-11 with a vertically linked series of assessments, a latent growth curve model is used to model test scores with student intercepts and slopes nested within school. Missed assessments can occur because of student mobility, student dropout, absenteeism, and other reasons. Missing data…
Descriptors: Achievement Gains, Academic Achievement, Growth Models, Scores
Mattern, Krista; Allen, Jeff – ACT, Inc., 2016
In this research report, we review commonly held beliefs about test-optional policies and practices. Focusing solely on empirical evidence, we highlight research findings that directly address the state intentions and actual outcomes of such practices. Throughout the paper, we raise concerns with test-optional policies as they pertain both to…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Student Diversity, College Admission, Scores
Mattern, Krista; Allen, Jeff – ACT, Inc., 2016
In this technical brief, the authors summarize empirical evidence from their full report comparing the stated intentions and actual outcomes of test-optional practices. An overview of five commonly stated assertions of test-optional practices along with empirical evidence that contradicts these assertions is provided in this brief. [For the full…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Student Diversity, College Admission, Scores
Westrick, Paul A.; Allen, Jeff – ACT, Inc., 2014
We examined the validity of using Compass® test scores and high school grade point average (GPA) for placing students in first-year college courses and for identifying students at risk of not succeeding. Consistent with other research, the combination of high school GPA and Compass scores performed better than either measure used alone. Results…
Descriptors: Grade Point Average, College Readiness, College Entrance Examinations, Computer Assisted Testing
Allen, Jeff – ACT, Inc., 2014
This report focuses on the initial development of the predicted score paths for ACT Aspire reporting. The paths provide predicted score ranges for the next two years--as well as predicted ACT score ranges for tests administered at grades 9 and 10. Longitudinal ACT Aspire data for students tested in spring 2013 and spring 2014, as well as…
Descriptors: College Readiness, Career Readiness, Achievement Tests, Scores
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Crouse, Jill D.; Allen, Jeff – Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 2014
This study compared college course grade outcomes, both during and after high school, of dual-enrollment students to those of traditional students. The study was based on a large, multiyear sample of Iowa high school and community college students. The results showed that while in high school, dual-enrollment students consistently outperformed…
Descriptors: Grades (Scholastic), Comparative Analysis, High School Students, Dual Enrollment
Allen, Jeff – ACT, Inc., 2013
The ACT College Readiness Benchmarks are the ACT® College Readiness Assessment scores associated with a 50% chance of earning a B or higher grade in typical first-year credit-bearing college courses. The Benchmarks also correspond to an approximate 75% chance of earning a C or higher grade in these courses. There are four Benchmarks, corresponding…
Descriptors: College Readiness, Benchmarking, High School Students, College Bound Students
Bassiri, Dina; Allen, Jeff – ACT, Inc., 2012
Under the current version of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), public schools must show consistent improvement in achievement for all students including English language learners (ELL) and students with disabilities. The assessment of ELL students and students with disabilities can present unique challenges to schools that must…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Academic Achievement, Educational Indicators, Accountability
Casillas, Alex; Allen, Jeff; Kuo, Yi-Lung; Pappas, Susan; Hanson, Mary Ann; Robbins, Steve – ACT, Inc., 2011
This report details the development and validation of the ENGAGE Grades 6-9, a measure of academic behavior designed to determine students' levels of academic risk. The work presented in this report is part of a comprehensive research program of educational risk assessment based on key academic behavior predictors (also known in the literature as…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Middle School Students, Grade 6, Grade 7
Allen, Jeff; Sconing, Jim – American College Testing (ACT), Inc., 2005
In this report, we establish benchmarks of readiness for four common first-year college courses: English Composition, College Algebra, Social Science, and Biology. Using grade data from a large sample of colleges, we modeled the probability of success in these courses as a function of ACT test scores. Success was defined as a course grade of B or…
Descriptors: Probability, Biology, Social Sciences, Scores