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Jordan, Jeffrey W.; Stalgaitis, Carolyn A.; Charles, John; Madden, Patrick A.; Radhakrishnan, Anjana G.; Saggese, Daniel – Health Education & Behavior, 2019
Purpose: Peer crowds are macro-level subcultures that share similarities across geographic areas. Over the past decade, dozens of studies have explored the association between adolescent peer crowds and risk behaviors, and how they can inform public health efforts. However, despite the interest, researchers have not yet reported on crowd size and…
Descriptors: Peer Influence, Peer Groups, Health Behavior, At Risk Persons
Montana Office of Public Instruction, 2018
The Montana Office of Public Instruction administers the Montana Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) every two years to students in grades 7 through 12. The purpose of the survey is to help monitor the prevalence of behaviors that not only influence youth health, but also put youth at risk for the most significant health and social problems that can…
Descriptors: Health Behavior, High School Students, Risk, State Surveys
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Clennin, Morgan N.; Demissie, Zewditu; Michael, Shannon L.; Wright, Carly; Silverman, Stephen; Chriqui, Jamie; Pate, Russell R. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine changes in school-based physical education (PE) attendance over time among nationally representative samples of U.S. high school students and how changes in PE attendance have varied across demographic subgroups. Method: Student demographic information and PE attendance data were obtained from 13…
Descriptors: High School Students, Physical Education, Attendance, Risk
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Lardier, David T., Jr.; Barrios, Veronica R.; Garcia-Reid, Pauline; Reid, Robert J. – Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 2018
Hispanic urban youth experience high levels of violence, access to drugs and alcohol, and limited access to quality educational institutions, as well as a disproportionate use of substances. However, youth exposed to multiple sources of support, such as values related to family centrality (e.g., family cohesion or "familismo") and…
Descriptors: Urban Areas, Youth, At Risk Persons, Substance Abuse
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Crumé, Henry Joel; Nurius, Paula S.; Fleming, Christopher M. – Grantee Submission, 2019
This study applies cumulative adversity and stress proliferation theories to examine risk and protective resource profiles of youth with three different levels of housing and parental care instability. Data derive from a state representative sample (n=27,087) of school-based adolescent students. ANCOVA analyses identified significant differences…
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Housing, Child Rearing, Gender Differences
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Zhao, Yunchuan; Kim, Heejung; Peltzer, Jill – Journal of School Nursing, 2017
Male and female students manifest different behaviors in condomless sex. This cross-sectional, exploratory, correlational study examined the differences in risk factors for condomless sex between male and female high school students, using secondary data from 4,968 sexually active males and females participating in the 2011 National Youth Risk…
Descriptors: Correlation, Substance Abuse, Sexuality, Disease Control
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Grinshteyn, Erin; Yang, Y. T. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: We examined the relationship between exposure to electronic bullying and absenteeism as a result of being afraid. Methods: This multivariate, multinomial regression analysis of the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey data assessed the association between experiencing electronic bullying in the past year and how often students were absent…
Descriptors: Bullying, Secondary School Students, Attendance Patterns, Fear
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Gastic, Billie – Education and Urban Society, 2017
The racial discipline gap--the finding that Black and Latino students are more likely to be disciplined at school than White students, and often more harshly--has implications for students' academic success. This study concluded that differences in students' behavior do not fully explain the disproportionate likelihood that Black students are…
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, Discipline, Zero Tolerance Policy, Racial Differences
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Kim, Dong-Hyun; So, Wi-Young – Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 2017
Background: Recreational drug abuse control has long been a major goal of global health and social welfare organizations. Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the possible associations between recreational drug abuse and Korean adolescents' school records. Methods: In 2012, 74,186 seventh- through twelfth-grade students participated…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Drug Abuse, Adolescents, Secondary School Students
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Ayres, Cynthia G.; Pontes, Nancy M.; Pontes, Manuel C. F. – Journal of School Nursing, 2017
The purpose of the study was to examine relationships between sleep insufficiency, depressive symptoms, demographic factors, and the nonmedical use of prescription medications (NMUPMs) in the U.S. high school students. Data from the 2013 Youth Risk Behavioral Surveillance System were used (n = 13,570) and analyzed using IBM SPSS 23™ (complex…
Descriptors: Drug Abuse, High School Students, Correlation, Sleep
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Casola, Allison R.; Nelson, Deborah B.; Patterson, Freda – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Contraception non-use among sexually active adolescents is a major cause of unintended pregnancy (UP). Methods: In this cross-sectional study we sought to identify overall and sex-specific correlates of contraception non-use using the 2015 Philadelphia Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) (N = 9540). Multivariate regression models were…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Adolescents, Pregnancy, Early Parenthood
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Garrett, Brady A.; Livingston, Bethany J.; Livingston, Melvin D.; Komro, Kelli A. – Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 2017
We examined frequency and intensity of racial/ethnic discrimination and the longitudinal relationship to substance use. The sample included (N = 1,421) American Indian, American Indian and White, and White adolescents. A high frequency of perceived racial discrimination was associated with an increased risk for heavy alcohol use, prescription drug…
Descriptors: Racial Discrimination, American Indians, Tribes, Social Discrimination
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Kumar, Gayathri S.; Bryan, Michael; Bayakly, Rana; Drenzek, Cherie; Merlo, Caitlin; Perry, Geraldine S. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Understanding how youth perceive eating healthy foods can inform programs and policies that aim to improve healthy eating. We assessed the reasons for and the most common locations of eating healthy foods among Georgia's (GA) high school (HS) students. Methods: Using the 2013 GA HS Youth Risk Behavior Survey, we examined motivations…
Descriptors: High School Students, Eating Habits, Health Behavior, National Surveys
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Fleary, Sasha A. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Several studies have used latent class analyses to explore obesogenic behaviors and substance use in adolescents independently. We explored a variety of health risks jointly to identify distinct patterns of risk behaviors among adolescents. Methods: Latent class models were estimated using Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Obesity, Physical Activity Level, Risk
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Choi, Jeong-Sil; Kim, Ji-Soo – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: We explored the relationship between body mass index-for-age percentile, body image distortion, and unnecessary weight loss efforts in Korean adolescent girls who are underweight and normal weight and examined the mediating effect of body image distortion on weight loss efforts. Methods: This study used data from the 2013 Korea Youth…
Descriptors: Human Body, Self Concept, Correlation, Body Weight
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