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Confrey, Jere; Toutkoushian, Emily; Shah, Meetal – Applied Measurement in Education, 2019
Fully articulating validation arguments in the context of classroom assessment requires connecting evidence from multiple sources and addressing multiple types of validity in a coherent chain of reasoning. This type of validation argument is particularly complex for assessments that function in close proximity to instruction, address the fine…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Item Response Theory, Middle School Students, Mathematics Instruction
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McDonald, Scott; Bateman, Kathryn; Gall, Helen; Tanis-Ozcelik, Arzu; Webb, Aubree; Furman, Tanya – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2019
Plate tectonics is the organizing paradigm of geosciences, but it is also conceptually complex, and students often struggle with developing a system level understanding of the earth. This article reports on research designed to create a characterization of the different levels of sophistication around plate tectonics in the form of a learning…
Descriptors: Plate Tectonics, Earth Science, Grade 6, Grade 7
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Bae, Hwa-ok; Choo, Hyekyung; Lim, ChaeYoung – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
This study compared bullying experiences between ethnic minority youth and Korean majority youth in South Korea, and examined whether the student-teacher relationship is associated with their bullying experiences. Participants comprised 148 ethnic minority students and 165 Korean majority students in Grades 4 to 11 in South Korea. Bivariate…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Bullying, Racial Bias, Ethnicity
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Scales, Peter C.; Pekel, Kent; Sethi, Jenna; Chamberlain, Rachel; Van Boekel, Martin – Grantee Submission, 2019
Student-teacher relationships that improve over time may help slow or prevent declines in student motivation. In a diverse sample of 1,274 middle and high school students from three schools, this mixed-methods study found that those who improved in developmental relationships with teachers reported greater academic motivation, and more positive…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Middle School Students, High School Students, Student Motivation
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Chen, Wei-Ru; Chen, Li-Ming – Educational Studies, 2019
The current scales for self-blame are not suitable for school bullying scenarios and most lack validity. This study used a self-developed scale to measure bullied victims' tendency to self-blame and further examined whether victims and bully/victims exhibited different tendencies toward self-blame under both bullied and generalized scenarios. The…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Elementary Schools, Secondary Schools
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Gill, Brian P.; Tilley, Charles; Whitesell, Emilyn; Finucane, Mariel; Potamites, Liz; Corcoran, Sean P. – Education Next, 2019
Education in the United States has a foundational public purpose: to prepare students for effective citizenship. The idea that an educated and engaged citizenry is essential to the health of a democracy motivated the creation of government-run "common schools" in the early decades of the nation and remains an important value in modern…
Descriptors: Civics, Charter Schools, Democracy, Citizenship Education
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Pendergast, Donna; Allen, Jeanne; McGregor, Glenda; Ronksley-Pavia, Michelle – Education Sciences, 2018
The philosophy of middle level education is to intentionally create a learning environment that supports every young adolescent. The literature around engagement points to the need for students to experience (among other requirements) a sense of belonging at school (SOBAS). When the need for belonging is not achieved there may be significant…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged, Adolescents, Learner Engagement, At Risk Students
Figlio, David; Holden, Kristian L.; Ozek, Umut – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
Instructional time is a fundamental educational input, yet we have little causal evidence about the effect of longer school days on student achievement. This paper uses a sharp regression discontinuity design to estimate the effects of lengthening the school day for low-performing schools in Florida by exploiting an administrative cutoff for…
Descriptors: School Schedules, Low Achievement, Eligibility, Literacy Education
Orellana, Claudia; Barkatsas, Tasos – Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia, 2018
The purpose of this study was to explore the factorial structure of motivation and perception items from a student survey utilised as part of the Reframing Mathematical Futures II (RMFII) Project. Data was collected in 2017 from 442 students in Years 7 to 10 from various different States across Australia. An exploratory factor analysis identified…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Student Motivation, Student Attitudes, Beliefs
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Tan, Esther – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Collaborative learning involves the collaborative regulation of cognitive activities to establish common ground for the coordination of content. Drawing on research on cognitive scripts to embed collaboration in learning, this study examines the effect of the quality of the grounding and testing processes on the quality of the inquiry processes…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Teaching Methods, Inquiry, Discourse Analysis
Clemens, Elysia V.; Klopfenstein, Kristin; Lalonde, Trent L.; Tis, Matt – Grantee Submission, 2018
As a result of the Every Student Succeeds Act and its requirement that students in foster care be included in education report cards, states have a renewed sense of urgency surrounding accountability for the academic achievement of this vulnerable group of students. This study examined the effects of placement and school stability on students'…
Descriptors: Foster Care, Academic Achievement, At Risk Students, Grade 4
Merrill, Lisa; Lafayette, Camille – Research Alliance for New York City Schools, 2018
Research has begun to show that certain schoolwide characteristics--such as student-centered learning environments, leadership, and safety--can be important for improving student outcomes. In keeping with these insights, school improvement efforts around the country are becoming less narrowly focused on the performance of individual students and…
Descriptors: Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9
Merrill, Lisa; Lafayette, Camille – Research Alliance for New York City Schools, 2018
Research has begun to show that certain schoolwide characteristics--such as student-centered learning environments, leadership, and safety--can be important for improving student outcomes. In keeping with these insights, school improvement efforts around the country are becoming less narrowly focused on the performance of individual students and…
Descriptors: Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9
Merrill, Lisa; Lafayette, Camille – Research Alliance for New York City Schools, 2018
Research has begun to show that certain schoolwide characteristics--such as student-centered learning environments, leadership, and safety--can be important for improving student outcomes. In keeping with these insights, school improvement efforts around the country are becoming less narrowly focused on the performance of individual students and…
Descriptors: Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9
Merrill, Lisa; Lafayette, Camille – Research Alliance for New York City Schools, 2018
Research has begun to show that certain schoolwide characteristics--such as student-centered learning environments, leadership, and safety--can be important for improving student outcomes. In keeping with these insights, school improvement efforts around the country are becoming less narrowly focused on the performance of individual students and…
Descriptors: Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9
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