NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Back to results
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ1204687
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0895-7347
A Validation Argument from Soup to Nuts: Assessing Progress on Learning Trajectories for Middle-School Mathematics
Confrey, Jere; Toutkoushian, Emily; Shah, Meetal
Applied Measurement in Education, v32 n1 p23-42 2019
Fully articulating validation arguments in the context of classroom assessment requires connecting evidence from multiple sources and addressing multiple types of validity in a coherent chain of reasoning. This type of validation argument is particularly complex for assessments that function in close proximity to instruction, address the fine granularity of learning trajectories (LTs), have multiple stakeholders, and are delivered digitally with a quick turn-around for formative assessment purposes. This article describes a validation framework for classroom assessment and uses it to illustrate a validation argument addressing one of several purposes for the assessments, the use of class-level data by individual teachers. The argument concerns the use of a middle-grades digital learning system, Math-Mapper 6-8, which contains LT-based diagnostic assessments. The argument is structured as a set of six claims that examine the assessment structure, the identification and treatment of non-conforming items, the analysis of student data, and the analysis of teachers' interpretations of data. The article stresses the critical role of scrutiny and debate among learning scientists, psychometricians, and practitioners in the validation process.
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 530 Walnut Street Suite 850, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Tel: 215-625-8900; Fax: 215-207-0050; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; Grade 6; Intermediate Grades; Elementary Education; Grade 7; Grade 9; High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: DRL1621254