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McDonald, Scott; Bateman, Kathryn; Gall, Helen; Tanis-Ozcelik, Arzu; Webb, Aubree; Furman, Tanya – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2019
Plate tectonics is the organizing paradigm of geosciences, but it is also conceptually complex, and students often struggle with developing a system level understanding of the earth. This article reports on research designed to create a characterization of the different levels of sophistication around plate tectonics in the form of a learning…
Descriptors: Plate Tectonics, Earth Science, Grade 6, Grade 7
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Bae, Hwa-ok; Choo, Hyekyung; Lim, ChaeYoung – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
This study compared bullying experiences between ethnic minority youth and Korean majority youth in South Korea, and examined whether the student-teacher relationship is associated with their bullying experiences. Participants comprised 148 ethnic minority students and 165 Korean majority students in Grades 4 to 11 in South Korea. Bivariate…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Bullying, Racial Bias, Ethnicity
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Opitz, S. T.; Neumann, K.; Bernholt, S.; Harms, U. – Research in Science Education, 2019
Energy is considered both as a disciplinary core idea and as a concept cutting across science disciplines. Most previous approaches studied progressing energy understanding in specific disciplinary contexts, while disregarding the relation of understanding across them. Hence, this study provides a systematic analysis of cross-disciplinary energy…
Descriptors: Energy, Scientific Concepts, Biology, Chemistry
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Cirino, Paul T.; Tolar, Tammy D.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Journal of Educational Research, 2019
Algebra I is a crucial course for middle and high school students for successful STEM-related coursework. A key issue is whether students should take Algebra I in Grade 8 versus Grade 9. Large-scale policy studies show conflicting results, and there are few (particularly longitudinal) individual difference studies. In the study, 53 students were…
Descriptors: Algebra, Prediction, Grade 8, Grade 9
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Pendergast, Donna; Allen, Jeanne; McGregor, Glenda; Ronksley-Pavia, Michelle – Education Sciences, 2018
The philosophy of middle level education is to intentionally create a learning environment that supports every young adolescent. The literature around engagement points to the need for students to experience (among other requirements) a sense of belonging at school (SOBAS). When the need for belonging is not achieved there may be significant…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged, Adolescents, Learner Engagement, At Risk Students
Figlio, David; Holden, Kristian L.; Ozek, Umut – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
Instructional time is a fundamental educational input, yet we have little causal evidence about the effect of longer school days on student achievement. This paper uses a sharp regression discontinuity design to estimate the effects of lengthening the school day for low-performing schools in Florida by exploiting an administrative cutoff for…
Descriptors: School Schedules, Low Achievement, Eligibility, Literacy Education
Orellana, Claudia; Barkatsas, Tasos – Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia, 2018
The purpose of this study was to explore the factorial structure of motivation and perception items from a student survey utilised as part of the Reframing Mathematical Futures II (RMFII) Project. Data was collected in 2017 from 442 students in Years 7 to 10 from various different States across Australia. An exploratory factor analysis identified…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Student Motivation, Student Attitudes, Beliefs
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Tan, Esther – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Collaborative learning involves the collaborative regulation of cognitive activities to establish common ground for the coordination of content. Drawing on research on cognitive scripts to embed collaboration in learning, this study examines the effect of the quality of the grounding and testing processes on the quality of the inquiry processes…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Teaching Methods, Inquiry, Discourse Analysis
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Cirino, Paul T.; Tolar, Tammy D.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Algebra I is a crucial course for middle and high school students for successful STEM related coursework. A key issue is whether students should take Algebra I in 8th versus 9th grade. Large-scale policy studies show conflicting results, and there are few (particularly longitudinal) individual difference studies. Here, 53 students were assessed in…
Descriptors: Algebra, Grade 8, Grade 9, Middle School Students
Clemens, Elysia V.; Klopfenstein, Kristin; Lalonde, Trent L.; Tis, Matt – Grantee Submission, 2018
As a result of the Every Student Succeeds Act and its requirement that students in foster care be included in education report cards, states have a renewed sense of urgency surrounding accountability for the academic achievement of this vulnerable group of students. This study examined the effects of placement and school stability on students'…
Descriptors: Foster Care, Academic Achievement, At Risk Students, Grade 4
Herrmann-Abell, Cari F.; DeBoer, George E. – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study tests a hypothesized learning progression for the concept of energy. It looks at 14 specific ideas under the categories of (i) Energy Forms and Transformations; (ii) Energy Transfer; (iii) Energy Dissipation and Degradation; and (iv) Energy Conservation. It then examines students' growth of understanding within each of these ideas at…
Descriptors: Energy, Science Instruction, Concept Formation, Energy Conservation
Merrill, Lisa; Lafayette, Camille – Research Alliance for New York City Schools, 2018
Research has begun to show that certain schoolwide characteristics--such as student-centered learning environments, leadership, and safety--can be important for improving student outcomes. In keeping with these insights, school improvement efforts around the country are becoming less narrowly focused on the performance of individual students and…
Descriptors: Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9
Merrill, Lisa; Lafayette, Camille – Research Alliance for New York City Schools, 2018
Research has begun to show that certain schoolwide characteristics--such as student-centered learning environments, leadership, and safety--can be important for improving student outcomes. In keeping with these insights, school improvement efforts around the country are becoming less narrowly focused on the performance of individual students and…
Descriptors: Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9
Merrill, Lisa; Lafayette, Camille – Research Alliance for New York City Schools, 2018
Research has begun to show that certain schoolwide characteristics--such as student-centered learning environments, leadership, and safety--can be important for improving student outcomes. In keeping with these insights, school improvement efforts around the country are becoming less narrowly focused on the performance of individual students and…
Descriptors: Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9
Merrill, Lisa; Lafayette, Camille – Research Alliance for New York City Schools, 2018
Research has begun to show that certain schoolwide characteristics--such as student-centered learning environments, leadership, and safety--can be important for improving student outcomes. In keeping with these insights, school improvement efforts around the country are becoming less narrowly focused on the performance of individual students and…
Descriptors: Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9
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