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Parekh, Gillian; Brown, Robert S. – Educational Policy, 2019
Special education is an approach to schooling that draws significant critique. Scholars often identify special education as a system vulnerable to and complicit in racial, class, and disability segregation, particularly segregation enacted and rationalized through the structural organization of schools and programs. Employing data from the Toronto…
Descriptors: Correlation, Special Education, Student Placement, Special Needs Students
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Confrey, Jere; Toutkoushian, Emily; Shah, Meetal – Applied Measurement in Education, 2019
Fully articulating validation arguments in the context of classroom assessment requires connecting evidence from multiple sources and addressing multiple types of validity in a coherent chain of reasoning. This type of validation argument is particularly complex for assessments that function in close proximity to instruction, address the fine…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Item Response Theory, Middle School Students, Mathematics Instruction
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Sporre, Karin – Journal of Curriculum Studies, 2019
The purpose of this study is to describe, critically analyse and discuss the Swedish system of assessing ethics education in compulsory school through national tests. The publicly available tests from 2013 for grades six and nine have been studied as have the assessment instructions for teachers. Staff responsible for the test construction have…
Descriptors: Ethical Instruction, Compulsory Education, Foreign Countries, National Competency Tests
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McDonald, Scott; Bateman, Kathryn; Gall, Helen; Tanis-Ozcelik, Arzu; Webb, Aubree; Furman, Tanya – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2019
Plate tectonics is the organizing paradigm of geosciences, but it is also conceptually complex, and students often struggle with developing a system level understanding of the earth. This article reports on research designed to create a characterization of the different levels of sophistication around plate tectonics in the form of a learning…
Descriptors: Plate Tectonics, Earth Science, Grade 6, Grade 7
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Bae, Hwa-ok; Choo, Hyekyung; Lim, ChaeYoung – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
This study compared bullying experiences between ethnic minority youth and Korean majority youth in South Korea, and examined whether the student-teacher relationship is associated with their bullying experiences. Participants comprised 148 ethnic minority students and 165 Korean majority students in Grades 4 to 11 in South Korea. Bivariate…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Bullying, Racial Bias, Ethnicity
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Hite, R. L.; Jones, M. G.; Childers, G. M.; Ennes, M.; Chesnutt, K.; Pereyra, M.; Cayton, E. – Journal of Science Education and Technology, 2019
Virtual presence describes a users' perception of a virtual reality (VR) environment (VRE), specifically, of their "involvement" (sense of control within a virtual environment with minimal distractions) and "immersion" (multi-input sensory engagement providing apparent realism of objects and interactions). In education, virtual…
Descriptors: Correlation, Adolescents, Cognitive Development, Adolescent Attitudes
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Cirino, Paul T.; Tolar, Tammy D.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Journal of Educational Research, 2019
Algebra I is a crucial course for middle and high school students for successful STEM-related coursework. A key issue is whether students should take Algebra I in Grade 8 versus Grade 9. Large-scale policy studies show conflicting results, and there are few (particularly longitudinal) individual difference studies. In the study, 53 students were…
Descriptors: Algebra, Prediction, Grade 8, Grade 9
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Scales, Peter C.; Pekel, Kent; Sethi, Jenna; Chamberlain, Rachel; Van Boekel, Martin – Grantee Submission, 2019
Student-teacher relationships that improve over time may help slow or prevent declines in student motivation. In a diverse sample of 1,274 middle and high school students from three schools, this mixed-methods study found that those who improved in developmental relationships with teachers reported greater academic motivation, and more positive…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Middle School Students, High School Students, Student Motivation
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Chen, Wei-Ru; Chen, Li-Ming – Educational Studies, 2019
The current scales for self-blame are not suitable for school bullying scenarios and most lack validity. This study used a self-developed scale to measure bullied victims' tendency to self-blame and further examined whether victims and bully/victims exhibited different tendencies toward self-blame under both bullied and generalized scenarios. The…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Elementary Schools, Secondary Schools
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Gill, Brian P.; Tilley, Charles; Whitesell, Emilyn; Finucane, Mariel; Potamites, Liz; Corcoran, Sean P. – Education Next, 2019
Education in the United States has a foundational public purpose: to prepare students for effective citizenship. The idea that an educated and engaged citizenry is essential to the health of a democracy motivated the creation of government-run "common schools" in the early decades of the nation and remains an important value in modern…
Descriptors: Civics, Charter Schools, Democracy, Citizenship Education
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Koon, Sharon; Davis, Marla – Regional Educational Laboratory Southeast, 2019
Description: Effective with the 2014/15 school year, Mississippi adopted new academic standards and courses aligned to these new standards. The new courses included both a subject-specific mathematics sequence (that is, algebra I, geometry, and algebra II) as well as an integrated mathematics sequence (that is, integrated I, integrated II, and…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Grade 6, Grade 7
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Regional Educational Laboratory Southeast, 2019
In spring 2015 Mississippi began testing the college readiness of all grade 11 public high school students and found that approximately 18 percent were ready for college math, a percentage that had changed little by 2017/18. This study examined: (1) the sequences of math courses that Mississippi students took in grades 6-11; (2) the math…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Grade 6, Grade 7
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Regional Educational Laboratory Southeast, 2019
In spring 2015 Mississippi began testing the college readiness of all grade 11 public high school students and found that approximately 18 percent were ready for college math, a percentage that had changed little by 2017/18. This study examined: (1) the sequences of math courses that Mississippi students took in grades 6-11; (2) the math…
Descriptors: Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9
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Kaufman, Julia H.; Engberg, John; Hamilton, Laura S.; Yuan, Kun; Hill, Heather C. – Educational Assessment, 2019
High-quality measures of instructional practice are essential for research and evaluation of innovative instructional policies and programs. However, existing measures have generally proven inadequate because of cost and validity issues. This paper addresses two potential drawbacks of survey self-report measures: variation in teachers'…
Descriptors: Measurement Techniques, Vignettes, Teacher Surveys, Teacher Evaluation
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Jansson, Alexander; Brun Sundblad, Gunilla; Lundvall, Suzanne; Norberg, Johan – Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 2019
Although students' perceived learning is central in physical education (PE), few measurements are available. Furthermore, little is known about how students' perceptions of PE effect students' perceived learning in PE. Therefore, the aim was to develop a scale to assess students' perceived learning and a measurement to assess students' perceived…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Student Attitudes, Test Construction, Attitude Measures
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