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Clark, M. Diane; Hauser, Peter C.; Miller, Paul; Kargin, Tevhide; Rathmann, Christian; Guldenoglu, Birkan; Kubus, Okan; Spurgeon, Erin; Israel, Erica – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2016
Researchers have used various theories to explain deaf individuals' reading skills, including the dual route reading theory, the orthographic depth theory, and the early language access theory. This study tested 4 groups of children--hearing with dyslexia, hearing without dyslexia, deaf early signers, and deaf late signers (N = 857)--from 4…
Descriptors: Deafness, Sign Language, Reading Skills, Hearing Impairments
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Miller, Paul; Kargin, Tevhide; Guldenoglu, Birkan – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2015
The central aim of this study was to clarify whether sign language (SL) nativeness is a significant factor in determining prelingually deaf individuals' reading skills and whether its contribution is modified by the reader's orthographic background. A second aim was to elucidate similarities and differences between native and nonnative signers in…
Descriptors: Deafness, Sign Language, Reading Skills, Correlation
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Miller, Paul; Kargin, Tevhide; Guldenoglu, Birkan – Journal of Research in Reading, 2014
The present study investigates differences in the word-reading process between individuals reading in a deep (unpointed Hebrew) and a shallow orthography (Turkish). The participants were 120 students evenly and randomly recruited from three levels of education (primary = 3rd-4th graders; middle = 6th-7th graders; high = 9th-10th graders). The…
Descriptors: Turkish, Semitic Languages, Reading Processes, Elementary School Students
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Miller, Paul; Kargin, Tevhide; Guldenoglu, Birkan; Rathmann, Christian; Kubus, Okan; Hauser, Peter; Spurgeon, Erin – Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, 2012
This study aims to enhance understanding of the factors underlying variance in the reading comprehension skills of prelingually deaf individuals. Participants were 213 sixth through tenth graders with prelingual deafness recruited from four orthographic backgrounds (Hebrew, Arabic, English, and German) and allocated to three distinct reading…
Descriptors: Deafness, Reading Comprehension, Sentences, Semantics