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Parekh, Gillian; Brown, Robert S. – Educational Policy, 2019
Special education is an approach to schooling that draws significant critique. Scholars often identify special education as a system vulnerable to and complicit in racial, class, and disability segregation, particularly segregation enacted and rationalized through the structural organization of schools and programs. Employing data from the Toronto…
Descriptors: Correlation, Special Education, Student Placement, Special Needs Students
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Confrey, Jere; Toutkoushian, Emily; Shah, Meetal – Applied Measurement in Education, 2019
Fully articulating validation arguments in the context of classroom assessment requires connecting evidence from multiple sources and addressing multiple types of validity in a coherent chain of reasoning. This type of validation argument is particularly complex for assessments that function in close proximity to instruction, address the fine…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Item Response Theory, Middle School Students, Mathematics Instruction
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Sporre, Karin – Journal of Curriculum Studies, 2019
The purpose of this study is to describe, critically analyse and discuss the Swedish system of assessing ethics education in compulsory school through national tests. The publicly available tests from 2013 for grades six and nine have been studied as have the assessment instructions for teachers. Staff responsible for the test construction have…
Descriptors: Ethical Instruction, Compulsory Education, Foreign Countries, National Competency Tests
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McDonald, Scott; Bateman, Kathryn; Gall, Helen; Tanis-Ozcelik, Arzu; Webb, Aubree; Furman, Tanya – Journal of Geoscience Education, 2019
Plate tectonics is the organizing paradigm of geosciences, but it is also conceptually complex, and students often struggle with developing a system level understanding of the earth. This article reports on research designed to create a characterization of the different levels of sophistication around plate tectonics in the form of a learning…
Descriptors: Plate Tectonics, Earth Science, Grade 6, Grade 7
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Bae, Hwa-ok; Choo, Hyekyung; Lim, ChaeYoung – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2019
This study compared bullying experiences between ethnic minority youth and Korean majority youth in South Korea, and examined whether the student-teacher relationship is associated with their bullying experiences. Participants comprised 148 ethnic minority students and 165 Korean majority students in Grades 4 to 11 in South Korea. Bivariate…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Bullying, Racial Bias, Ethnicity
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Opitz, S. T.; Neumann, K.; Bernholt, S.; Harms, U. – Research in Science Education, 2019
Energy is considered both as a disciplinary core idea and as a concept cutting across science disciplines. Most previous approaches studied progressing energy understanding in specific disciplinary contexts, while disregarding the relation of understanding across them. Hence, this study provides a systematic analysis of cross-disciplinary energy…
Descriptors: Energy, Scientific Concepts, Biology, Chemistry
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Pendergast, Donna; Allen, Jeanne; McGregor, Glenda; Ronksley-Pavia, Michelle – Education Sciences, 2018
The philosophy of middle level education is to intentionally create a learning environment that supports every young adolescent. The literature around engagement points to the need for students to experience (among other requirements) a sense of belonging at school (SOBAS). When the need for belonging is not achieved there may be significant…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged, Adolescents, Learner Engagement, At Risk Students
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Tekin-Dede, Ayse; Bukova-Güzel, Esra – The Mathematics Educator, 2018
The purpose of this study was to introduce a rubric named "Rubric for the Assessment of Modeling Skills" for assessing cognitive modeling skills and explaining the rubric's development process. The dimensions of the rubric are understanding the problem, simplifying, mathematizing, working mathematically, interpreting and validating.…
Descriptors: Scoring Rubrics, Mathematics Instruction, Grade 6, Grade 11
Figlio, David; Holden, Kristian L.; Ozek, Umut – National Center for Analysis of Longitudinal Data in Education Research (CALDER), 2018
Instructional time is a fundamental educational input, yet we have little causal evidence about the effect of longer school days on student achievement. This paper uses a sharp regression discontinuity design to estimate the effects of lengthening the school day for low-performing schools in Florida by exploiting an administrative cutoff for…
Descriptors: School Schedules, Low Achievement, Eligibility, Literacy Education
Orellana, Claudia; Barkatsas, Tasos – Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia, 2018
The purpose of this study was to explore the factorial structure of motivation and perception items from a student survey utilised as part of the Reframing Mathematical Futures II (RMFII) Project. Data was collected in 2017 from 442 students in Years 7 to 10 from various different States across Australia. An exploratory factor analysis identified…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Student Motivation, Student Attitudes, Beliefs
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Tan, Esther – Instructional Science: An International Journal of the Learning Sciences, 2018
Collaborative learning involves the collaborative regulation of cognitive activities to establish common ground for the coordination of content. Drawing on research on cognitive scripts to embed collaboration in learning, this study examines the effect of the quality of the grounding and testing processes on the quality of the inquiry processes…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Teaching Methods, Inquiry, Discourse Analysis
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Cirino, Paul T.; Tolar, Tammy D.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Grantee Submission, 2018
Algebra I is a crucial course for middle and high school students for successful STEM related coursework. A key issue is whether students should take Algebra I in 8th versus 9th grade. Large-scale policy studies show conflicting results, and there are few (particularly longitudinal) individual difference studies. Here, 53 students were assessed in…
Descriptors: Algebra, Grade 8, Grade 9, Middle School Students
Clemens, Elysia V.; Klopfenstein, Kristin; Lalonde, Trent L.; Tis, Matt – Grantee Submission, 2018
As a result of the Every Student Succeeds Act and its requirement that students in foster care be included in education report cards, states have a renewed sense of urgency surrounding accountability for the academic achievement of this vulnerable group of students. This study examined the effects of placement and school stability on students'…
Descriptors: Foster Care, Academic Achievement, At Risk Students, Grade 4
Herrmann-Abell, Cari F.; DeBoer, George E. – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study tests a hypothesized learning progression for the concept of energy. It looks at 14 specific ideas under the categories of (i) Energy Forms and Transformations; (ii) Energy Transfer; (iii) Energy Dissipation and Degradation; and (iv) Energy Conservation. It then examines students' growth of understanding within each of these ideas at…
Descriptors: Energy, Science Instruction, Concept Formation, Energy Conservation
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Bigham, Gary D.; Riney, Mark R. – NASSP Bulletin, 2017
To meet the constantly changing needs of schools and diverse learners, educators must frequently monitor student learning, revise curricula, and improve instruction. Consequently, it is critical that careful analyses of student performance data are ongoing components of curriculum decision-making processes. The primary purpose of this study is to…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Educational Improvement, Decision Making, Curriculum Development
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