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Frankel, Anne S.; Bass, Sarah Bauerle; Patterson, Freda; Dai, Ting; Brown, Deanna – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Sexting, the sharing of sexually suggestive photos, may be a gateway behavior to early sexual activity and increase the likelihood of social ostracism. Methods: Youth Risk Behavior Survey (N = 6021) data from 2015 among Pennsylvania 9th-12th grade students were used to examine associations between consensual and nonconsensual sexting…
Descriptors: Telecommunications, Handheld Devices, Computer Mediated Communication, Sexuality
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Gregg, David; Somers, Cheryl L.; Pernice, Francesca Maria; Hillman, Stephen B.; Kernsmith, Poco – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Risks associated with teen sexting draw increasing concern from teachers and communities as developments in communication software and devices make sharing private content faster and simpler each year. We examined rates, recipients, and predictors of teen sexting to better plan education and preventative policies and strategies. A…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Computer Mediated Communication, Telecommunications, High School Students
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Terry, Amanda – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of the coverage of state legislation and the expansiveness ratings of state model policies on the state-level prevalence of bullying in schools. Methods: The state-level prevalence of bullying in schools was based on cross-sectional data from the 2013 High School Youth Risk Behavior…
Descriptors: State Legislation, Bullying, Predictor Variables, Incidence
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Lowry, Richard; Robin, Leah; Kann, Laura – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Previous research on associations between early sexual debut and other health risk behaviors has not examined the effect of forced sexual intercourse on those associations. Methods: We analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of 19,240 high school students in the United States, age =16 years, to describe the effect of…
Descriptors: Sexuality, High School Students, Late Adolescents, Health Behavior
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Grinshteyn, Erin; Yang, Y. T. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: We examined the relationship between exposure to electronic bullying and absenteeism as a result of being afraid. Methods: This multivariate, multinomial regression analysis of the 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Survey data assessed the association between experiencing electronic bullying in the past year and how often students were absent…
Descriptors: Bullying, Secondary School Students, Attendance Patterns, Fear
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Casola, Allison R.; Nelson, Deborah B.; Patterson, Freda – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Contraception non-use among sexually active adolescents is a major cause of unintended pregnancy (UP). Methods: In this cross-sectional study we sought to identify overall and sex-specific correlates of contraception non-use using the 2015 Philadelphia Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) (N = 9540). Multivariate regression models were…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Adolescents, Pregnancy, Early Parenthood
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Parker, Elizabeth M.; Johnson, Sarah Lindstrom; Debnam, Katrina J.; Milam, Adam J.; Bradshaw, Catherine P. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Much etiologic research has focused on individual-level risk factors for teen dating violence (TDV); therefore, less is known about school-level and neighborhood-level risk factors. We examined the association between alcohol outlet density around high schools and TDV victimization and the association between markers of physical…
Descriptors: Dating (Social), Violence, Correlation, Hierarchical Linear Modeling
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Kumar, Gayathri S.; Bryan, Michael; Bayakly, Rana; Drenzek, Cherie; Merlo, Caitlin; Perry, Geraldine S. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Understanding how youth perceive eating healthy foods can inform programs and policies that aim to improve healthy eating. We assessed the reasons for and the most common locations of eating healthy foods among Georgia's (GA) high school (HS) students. Methods: Using the 2013 GA HS Youth Risk Behavior Survey, we examined motivations…
Descriptors: High School Students, Eating Habits, Health Behavior, National Surveys
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Coker, Ann L.; Bush, Heather M.; Follingstad, Diane R.; Brancato, Candace J. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: In 2013, President Obama lifted the federal ban on gun violence research. The current study provides one of the first reports to estimate household gun ownership as reported by youth. Methods: In this cohort study of 3,006 high school seniors from 24 schools, we examined the frequency of household guns ownership. Results: About 65%…
Descriptors: Incidence, Weapons, Family Environment, High School Seniors
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Fleary, Sasha A. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Several studies have used latent class analyses to explore obesogenic behaviors and substance use in adolescents independently. We explored a variety of health risks jointly to identify distinct patterns of risk behaviors among adolescents. Methods: Latent class models were estimated using Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Obesity, Physical Activity Level, Risk
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Choi, Jeong-Sil; Kim, Ji-Soo – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: We explored the relationship between body mass index-for-age percentile, body image distortion, and unnecessary weight loss efforts in Korean adolescent girls who are underweight and normal weight and examined the mediating effect of body image distortion on weight loss efforts. Methods: This study used data from the 2013 Korea Youth…
Descriptors: Human Body, Self Concept, Correlation, Body Weight
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Ihongbe, Timothy O.; Cha, Susan; Masho, Saba W. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Research has shown that early age of sexual debut is associated with physical dating violence (PDV), but sex-specific associations are sparse. We estimated the prevalence of PDV victimization in high school students who have initiated sexual intercourse and examined sex-specific association between age of sexual debut and PDV…
Descriptors: High School Students, Sexuality, Dating (Social), Sexual Abuse
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Valois, Robert F.; Zullig, Keith J.; Revels, Asa A. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: In this cross-sectional study we explored relationships between aggressive and violent behaviors and emotional self-efficacy (ESE) in a statewide sample of public high school adolescents in South Carolina (N = 3836). Methods: The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Youth Risk Behavior Survey items on aggressive and violent…
Descriptors: High School Students, Adolescents, Student Behavior, Aggression
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Okumu, Moses; Mengo, Cecilia; Ombayo, Bernadette; Small, Eusebius – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Teen dating violence (TDV), bullying, and HIV risk behaviors are public health concerns that impact adolescents in the United States. National estimates reveal high rates of these risk behaviors among high school students. Based on theoretical and empirical evidence, we hypothesized that experiencing teen dating violence (sexual and…
Descriptors: Bullying, High School Students, Risk, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
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Cook, Jessica A.; McCormick, Emily V.; Mickiewicz, Theresa E.; Davidson, Arthur J.; Main, Deborah S. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Adolescent overweight and obesity are serious health risks, with prevalence varying by sociodemographic group. Studies link children's weight status and sex/race-ethnic differences with meeting recommendations for physical activity and diet. But, research examining the intersection of sociodemographic characteristics, behavior, and…
Descriptors: Correlation, Obesity, Risk, Incidence
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