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Fallin-Bennett, Amanda; Goodin, Amie – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) high school students as well as related environment and school-level risk and protective factors were examined. Methods: Data was acquired from the 2015 CDC's Youth Behavior Risk Survey for Kentucky (N = 2577). Prevalence of substance use was calculated for…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Bullying, Correlation, Homosexuality
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Krtinic, Gordana; Duric, Predrag – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: The leading cause of nonfatal injuries in age group 14-19 is sports injuries. Purpose of the study was to determine the association between intense physical activity and injury and to identify the circumstances and environment in which injuries are most likely to occur. Methods: A prospective cohort study included 698 high school…
Descriptors: Injuries, Athletics, Adolescents, Correlation
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Wilson, Maria N.; Asbridge, Mark; Langille, Donald B. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: In examining associations of sexual orientation, school connectedness (SC), and depression, no studies have used a continuum of sexual orientation. Additionally, no study has examined whether individuals with higher SC within subgroups of the continuum of sexual orientation are protected from symptoms of depression when compared to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Student School Relationship, Sexual Orientation, Depression (Psychology)
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Frankel, Anne S.; Bass, Sarah Bauerle; Patterson, Freda; Dai, Ting; Brown, Deanna – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Sexting, the sharing of sexually suggestive photos, may be a gateway behavior to early sexual activity and increase the likelihood of social ostracism. Methods: Youth Risk Behavior Survey (N = 6021) data from 2015 among Pennsylvania 9th-12th grade students were used to examine associations between consensual and nonconsensual sexting…
Descriptors: Telecommunications, Handheld Devices, Computer Mediated Communication, Sexuality
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Grigsby, Timothy J.; Forster, Myriam; Tsai, Jennifer; Rohrbach, Louise A.; Sussman, Steve – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Alternative (or continuation) high schools are institutions designed for students at risk for not graduating due to behavioral, educational, or medical problems. The present study explored the relationship between negative substance use consequences (eg, having trouble at school or work) and noncondom use in this at-risk population and…
Descriptors: Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Health Behavior, Prevention, High School Students
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Shrewsbury, Vanessa A.; Foley, Bridget C.; Flood, Victoria M.; Bonnefin, Amy; Hardy, Louise L.; Venchiarutti, Rebecca L.; Byth, Karen; Shah, Smita – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: School-level socioeconomic status (SES) influences on adolescents' lifestyle behaviors is understudied. We examined how school-level SES and sex influence adolescents' health-related lifestyle behaviors and intentions. Methods: Grade 8 students aged 13-14 years completed an online questionnaire regarding their sociodemographic…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Adolescents, Health Behavior, Life Style
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Casola, Allison R.; Nelson, Deborah B.; Patterson, Freda – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Contraception non-use among sexually active adolescents is a major cause of unintended pregnancy (UP). Methods: In this cross-sectional study we sought to identify overall and sex-specific correlates of contraception non-use using the 2015 Philadelphia Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) (N = 9540). Multivariate regression models were…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Adolescents, Pregnancy, Early Parenthood
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Coker, Ann L.; Bush, Heather M.; Follingstad, Diane R.; Brancato, Candace J. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: In 2013, President Obama lifted the federal ban on gun violence research. The current study provides one of the first reports to estimate household gun ownership as reported by youth. Methods: In this cohort study of 3,006 high school seniors from 24 schools, we examined the frequency of household guns ownership. Results: About 65%…
Descriptors: Incidence, Weapons, Family Environment, High School Seniors
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Fleary, Sasha A. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Several studies have used latent class analyses to explore obesogenic behaviors and substance use in adolescents independently. We explored a variety of health risks jointly to identify distinct patterns of risk behaviors among adolescents. Methods: Latent class models were estimated using Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Obesity, Physical Activity Level, Risk
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Ihongbe, Timothy O.; Cha, Susan; Masho, Saba W. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Research has shown that early age of sexual debut is associated with physical dating violence (PDV), but sex-specific associations are sparse. We estimated the prevalence of PDV victimization in high school students who have initiated sexual intercourse and examined sex-specific association between age of sexual debut and PDV…
Descriptors: High School Students, Sexuality, Dating (Social), Sexual Abuse
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Valois, Robert F.; Zullig, Keith J.; Revels, Asa A. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: In this cross-sectional study we explored relationships between aggressive and violent behaviors and emotional self-efficacy (ESE) in a statewide sample of public high school adolescents in South Carolina (N = 3836). Methods: The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Youth Risk Behavior Survey items on aggressive and violent…
Descriptors: High School Students, Adolescents, Student Behavior, Aggression
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Bersamin, Melina; Paschall, Mallie J.; Fisher, Deborah A. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: School-based health centers (SBHCs) have been associated with many positive health and academic outcomes. The current study extends previous research and examines possible differences in the association between SBHC exposure and adolescent alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use by race/ethnicity, sex, and socioeconomic status (SES).…
Descriptors: School Health Services, Correlation, Smoking, Drinking
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Hearst, Mary O.; Shanafelt, Amy; Wang, Qi; Leduc, Robert; Nanney, Marilyn S. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: The purpose is to determine if altering school breakfast policies and the school breakfast environment will positively impact adolescent beliefs of the barriers and benefits of eating breakfast. Methods: There were 904 adolescents from 16 rural high schools, Minnesota, in the BreakFAST Study who reported eating breakfast fewer than 4…
Descriptors: Breakfast Programs, School Policy, High School Students, Rural Schools
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Hearst, Mary O.; Shanafelt, Amy; Wang, Qi; Leduc, Robert; Nanney, Marilyn S. – Journal of School Health, 2016
Background: We sought to determine if perceived barriers, benefits, and modifiable behaviors support or interfere with breakfast consumption in a racially and economically diverse rural high school population. Methods: The participants were 832 Minnesota adolescents from 16 rural high schools. We used baseline data from a group randomized trial…
Descriptors: Barriers, Behavior Modification, Eating Habits, Rural Schools
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Case, Kathleen R.; Cooper, Maria; Creamer, MeLisa; Mantey, Dale; Kelder, Steven; Grossman, Beth Toby – Journal of School Health, 2016
Background: Being a victim of bullying is associated with greater risk of youth substance use; however, research specifically examining whether tobacco use behaviors differ among adolescents who were bullied at school only, electronically only, or both at school and electronically is limited. Methods: We examined the associations between being a…
Descriptors: Victims, Bullying, At Risk Persons, Smoking
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