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Hansen, John; Sadler, Philip; Sonnert, Gerhard – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2019
The high school grade point average (GPA) is often adjusted to account for nominal indicators of course rigor, such as "honors" or "advanced placement." Adjusted GPAs--also known as weighted GPAs--are frequently used for computing students' rank in class and in the college admission process. Despite the high stakes attached to…
Descriptors: Grade Point Average, High School Students, Difficulty Level, Weighted Scores
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Wade, Carol H.; Cimbricz, Sandra K.; Sonnert, Gerhard; Gruver, Meagan; Sadler, Philip M. – Journal of Mathematics Education at Teachers College, 2018
Quantitative analysis of the Factors Influencing College Success in Mathematics (FICSMath) Survey data indicates that high school mathematics teachers' abilities to teach for conceptual understanding is a significant and positive predictor of student performance in single- variable college calculus. To explore these findings further, we gathered…
Descriptors: Secondary School Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction, Secondary School Teachers, Mathematics Teachers
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Kitchen, Joseph A.; Sadler, Philip; Sonnert, Gerhard – Journal of College Student Development, 2018
The impact of college STEM [science, technology, engineering, and mathematics] summer bridge programs is not well understood. This nationwide study pooled data from 27 colleges and universities involved in the NSF's [National Science Foundation's] STEM Talent Expansion Program to model changes in college career aspirations for 2 groups: 383 STEM…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Summer Programs, Occupational Aspiration, Career Choice
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Wade, Carol H.; Sonnert, Gerhard; Sadler, Philip M.; Hazari, Zahra – American Secondary Education, 2017
Using data from the first National study on high school preparation for college calculus success, the Factors Influencing College Success in Mathematics (FICSMath) project, this article connects student high school instructional experiences to college calculus performance. The findings reported here reveal that students were better prepared for…
Descriptors: Transitional Programs, Secondary School Mathematics, College Mathematics, Calculus
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Chen, Chen; Schneps, Matthew H.; Sonnert, Gerhard – Journal of Science Education and Technology, 2016
Teachers choosing between different models to facilitate students' understanding of an abstract system must decide whether to adopt a model that is simplified and striking or one that is realistic and complex. Only recently have instructional technologies enabled teachers and learners to change presentations swiftly and to provide for learning…
Descriptors: High School Students, Secondary School Science, Science Education, Models
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Bergstrom, Zoey; Sadler, Philip; Sonnert, Gerhard – Journal of Astronomy & Earth Sciences Education, 2016
This article uses U.S. survey data (N = 15,847) to characterize the evolution of student interest in an astronomy career in the period between middle school and the beginning of college. We find that middle school students have a relatively high interest in astronomy, which sharply declines with every phase of their education. However, many of the…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Evolution, Middle School Students, Astronomy
Sadler, Philip M.; Sonnert, Gerhard; Tai, Robert; Klopfenstein, Kirstin – NCSSS Journal, 2016
The Advanced Placement (AP) program was created to enhance the experience of gifted students as they transition from high school to college. "AP: A Critical Examination of the Advanced Placement Program," edited by Philip M. Sadler, Gerhard Sonnert, Robert Tai, and Kirstin Klopfenstein (2010, Harvard Education Press), questions the…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Transitional Programs, Gifted, Relevance (Education)
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Godwin, Allison; Sonnert, Gerhard; Sadler, Philip M. – Journal of Pre-College Engineering Education Research, 2016
Participation from a variety of students is important to the long-term growth of the engineering field. Much of the research on engineering recruitment or career choice has focused on engineering as a whole, even though engineering disciplines are varied in student participation and focus. This work examines how students' out-of-school interests…
Descriptors: Student Interests, High School Students, Student Experience, Career Choice
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Wilkens, Christian P.; Wade, Carol H.; Sonnert, Gerhard; Sadler, Philip M. – Journal of School Choice, 2015
Homeschooling in the United States has grown considerably over the past several decades. This article presents findings from the Factors Influencing College Success in Mathematics (FICSMath) survey, a national study of 10,492 students enrolled in tertiary calculus, including 190 students who reported homeschooling for a majority of their high…
Descriptors: Home Schooling, Calculus, College Preparation, Mathematics Education