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Jordan, Jeffrey W.; Stalgaitis, Carolyn A.; Charles, John; Madden, Patrick A.; Radhakrishnan, Anjana G.; Saggese, Daniel – Health Education & Behavior, 2019
Purpose: Peer crowds are macro-level subcultures that share similarities across geographic areas. Over the past decade, dozens of studies have explored the association between adolescent peer crowds and risk behaviors, and how they can inform public health efforts. However, despite the interest, researchers have not yet reported on crowd size and…
Descriptors: Peer Influence, Peer Groups, Health Behavior, At Risk Persons
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Mittleman, Joel – Educational Researcher, 2018
Sexual minorities' risk for exclusionary discipline is a commonly cited indicator of the challenges that these students face. The current study addresses this issue by introducing a new data source for research on sexual minority students: the Fragile Families and Childhood Wellbeing Study. In this geographically diverse, population-based sample,…
Descriptors: Sexual Orientation, Discipline, Homosexuality, Social Bias
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Frankel, Anne S.; Bass, Sarah Bauerle; Patterson, Freda; Dai, Ting; Brown, Deanna – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Sexting, the sharing of sexually suggestive photos, may be a gateway behavior to early sexual activity and increase the likelihood of social ostracism. Methods: Youth Risk Behavior Survey (N = 6021) data from 2015 among Pennsylvania 9th-12th grade students were used to examine associations between consensual and nonconsensual sexting…
Descriptors: Telecommunications, Handheld Devices, Computer Mediated Communication, Sexuality
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Bhatt, Rachana; Davis, Tomeka – Educational Policy, 2018
Weapons at school pose a danger to students as well as faculty. Educational administrators have attempted to reduce their prevalence by implementing random weapons searches in schools. This article examines the effectiveness of this approach using data from two geographically adjacent school districts in Florida (Miami-Dade and Broward). In the…
Descriptors: School Safety, Weapons, School Districts, Program Implementation
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Bosworth, Kris; Garcia, Rafael; Judkins, Maryann; Saliba, Mark – Journal of School Violence, 2018
Bullying in secondary schools is a serious concern for educators and parents. The relationship between bullying and school climate has been identified and strategies to improve school climate are available. The importance of leadership in shaping school climate has been well documented. This exploratory study explores the role of leadership in…
Descriptors: Bullying, Educational Environment, High School Students, Leadership Role
Montana Office of Public Instruction, 2018
The Montana Office of Public Instruction administers the Montana Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) every two years to students in grades 7 through 12. The purpose of the survey is to help monitor the prevalence of behaviors that not only influence youth health, but also put youth at risk for the most significant health and social problems that can…
Descriptors: Health Behavior, High School Students, Risk, State Surveys
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Clennin, Morgan N.; Demissie, Zewditu; Michael, Shannon L.; Wright, Carly; Silverman, Stephen; Chriqui, Jamie; Pate, Russell R. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2018
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine changes in school-based physical education (PE) attendance over time among nationally representative samples of U.S. high school students and how changes in PE attendance have varied across demographic subgroups. Method: Student demographic information and PE attendance data were obtained from 13…
Descriptors: High School Students, Physical Education, Attendance, Risk
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Taliaferro, Lindsay A.; Gloppen, Kari M.; Muehlenkamp, Jennifer J.; Eisenberg, Marla E. – Journal of LGBT Youth, 2018
To address gaps in the literature on bisexual youth, we used the first nationally representative sample of high school students from the United States to determine profiles of behaviors related to depressive symptoms, a suicide attempt, and a medically-serious attempt. We examined the data from 922 bisexual students in grades 9-12 who completed…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Homosexuality, High School Students, Depression (Psychology)
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Terry, Amanda – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of the coverage of state legislation and the expansiveness ratings of state model policies on the state-level prevalence of bullying in schools. Methods: The state-level prevalence of bullying in schools was based on cross-sectional data from the 2013 High School Youth Risk Behavior…
Descriptors: State Legislation, Bullying, Predictor Variables, Incidence
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Lee, Eunkyung; Kim, Ji-Su; Kwon, Soojin – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2018
Background: Multicultural families and foreign residents are rapidly increasing in Korea. Thus, the proportion of children and adolescents from minority racial/ethnic groups are also increasing, and there are concerns about adolescents who fail to adapt to school and show low academic achievement and poor health status. Objective: This study aimed…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Cultural Pluralism
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Huang, Francis L. – Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Black students are much more likely to be disciplined using out-of-school suspensions (OSS) compared with White students. One often-cited hypothesis, though relatively untested, is the role of misconduct and students attitudes that support deviant behavior. The differential involvement hypothesis suggests that disproportionate sanctioning may…
Descriptors: African American Students, Behavior Problems, Student Behavior, Suspension
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Harper, Christopher R.; Clayton, Heather B.; Andrzejewski, Jack; Johns, Michelle M. – Journal of LGBT Youth, 2018
Limited information exists on heterosexual youth with sexual contact with same-sex partners in the United States (i.e., discordant heterosexual). We compared the prevalence of health risks between discordant heterosexual, heterosexual with only opposite-sex sexual contact, lesbian/gay, and bisexual students using the 2015 national Youth Risk…
Descriptors: High School Students, Sexuality, Homosexuality, Health Behavior
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Lardier, David T., Jr.; Barrios, Veronica R.; Garcia-Reid, Pauline; Reid, Robert J. – Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 2018
Hispanic urban youth experience high levels of violence, access to drugs and alcohol, and limited access to quality educational institutions, as well as a disproportionate use of substances. However, youth exposed to multiple sources of support, such as values related to family centrality (e.g., family cohesion or "familismo") and…
Descriptors: Urban Areas, Youth, At Risk Persons, Substance Abuse
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Crumé, Henry Joel; Nurius, Paula S.; Fleming, Christopher M. – Grantee Submission, 2019
This study applies cumulative adversity and stress proliferation theories to examine risk and protective resource profiles of youth with three different levels of housing and parental care instability. Data derive from a state representative sample (n=27,087) of school-based adolescent students. ANCOVA analyses identified significant differences…
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Housing, Child Rearing, Gender Differences
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Zhao, Yunchuan; Kim, Heejung; Peltzer, Jill – Journal of School Nursing, 2017
Male and female students manifest different behaviors in condomless sex. This cross-sectional, exploratory, correlational study examined the differences in risk factors for condomless sex between male and female high school students, using secondary data from 4,968 sexually active males and females participating in the 2011 National Youth Risk…
Descriptors: Correlation, Substance Abuse, Sexuality, Disease Control
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