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ERIC Number: EJ1063661
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Jun
Pages: 26
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0143-0343
Psychological Development and Educational Problems of Left-Behind Children in Rural China
Sun, Xiaojun; Tian, Yuan; Zhang, Yongxin; Xie, Xiaochun; Heath, Melissa A.; Zhou, Zongkui
School Psychology International, v36 n3 p227-252 Jun 2015
With China's rapidly developing economy and increasing urbanization, many adults from rural areas migrate to urban areas for better paid jobs. A side effect of this migration is that parents frequently leave their children behind (left-behind children). This research investigated left-behind children's and non-left-behind children's psychological, behavioral, and educational functioning. Survey participants included 1,708 adolescents (54.8% female; mean age?=?15.03?±?1.93 years) from rural areas in Central China. Additionally, 32 left-behind children and 32 head teachers were interviewed. Data indicated that in comparison to non-left-behind children, left-behind children were at a disadvantage in regard to emotional adjustment (i.e. lower life satisfaction, lower self-esteem, and higher depression), but fared better in educational adjustment (greater school engagement). Mitigating factors which positively influenced outcomes of certain subgroups of left-behind children included the presence of one parent, increased parental contact, and shorter length of time since parental migration. Information gathered from interviews with LBC also indicated adverse effects of parent absence on children's development. Teachers identified education measures and support offered to left-behind children and reported difficulties in communicating with parents. Based on this study's findings, and considering the perspective of educators, implications for school-based interventions are explored.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 7; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Elementary Education; Secondary Education; Grade 8; Grade 10; High Schools; Grade 11
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Childrens Depression Inventory; Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale