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Craft, Eleanor; Howley, Aimee – Teachers College Record, 2018
Background/Context: Disproportionate placement of African American students into special education programs is likely to be a form of institutional racism, especially when such placement stigmatizes students. If placement also fails to lead to educational benefits, the practice becomes even more suspect. Some studies have explored disproportionate…
Descriptors: Student Experience, African American Students, Special Education, Disproportionate Representation
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Athanases, Steven Z.; Achinstein, Betty; Curry, Marnie Willis; Ogawa, Rodney T. – Teachers College Record, 2016
Background/Context: Literatures on college-going cultures offer patterns and lists of practices that promote schoolwide attention to college-going for nondominant youth, often with organization-level analyses of policies and procedures. Other literature identifies promising practices and challenges to conventional instruction, often examining…
Descriptors: High Schools, Disproportionate Representation, Low Income Groups, Minority Group Students
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Klugman, Joshua – Teachers College Record, 2013
Background: Access to Advanced Placement (AP) courses is stratified by class and race. Researchers have identified how schools serving disadvantaged students suffer from various kinds of resource deprivations, concluding that interventions are needed to equalize access to AP courses. On the other hand, the theory of Effectively Maintained…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Equal Education, Intervention, High Schools
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Carter Andrews, Dorinda J. – Teachers College Record, 2012
Background/Context: Despite a history of racial oppression and degradation in U.S. schools, African Americans have responded to racism and discrimination in ways that promote educational attainment and school success. Many Black adolescents have been empowered to succeed academically partly because of their awareness of racist practices in…
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Resilience (Psychology), Racial Discrimination, Racial Identification