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Connolly, Eric J.; Kavish, Nicholas; Cooke, Eric M. – Journal of School Violence, 2019
Existing research suggests that repeated bullying victimization is associated with lower levels of educational attainment. However, it is difficult to ascertain whether a true causal association exists since previously reported associations may be confounded by genetic and shared environmental factors that affect both repeated bullying…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Educational Attainment, Longitudinal Studies
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Tan, Kevin; Heath, Ryan D.; Das, Aditi; Choi, Yoonsun – Youth & Society, 2019
Victimization and problem behaviors during middle school detrimentally influence student learning. However, less is known about how they may cooccur and collectively affect high school graduation and whether the interrelationships vary by gender. Using data from a nationally representative cohort of seventh-grade students from the National…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Victims, Bullying, Student Behavior
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Beattie, Irenee R. – Youth & Society, 2017
Theories suggest curricular tracking is linked to racial/ethnic inequality. However, prior studies largely examine cognitive outcomes like standardized test scores and neglect behavioral outcomes. They also overlook potential racial/ethnic differences "within" curricular tracks. This study asks the following questions: (a) Is curricular…
Descriptors: Females, Young Adults, Longitudinal Studies, National Surveys
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Monaghan, David – Sociology of Education, 2017
Today, many undergraduates are themselves raising children. But does college-going by parents improve their offspring's educational attainment? I address this question using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth--1979 and linked Children and Young Adults Survey. I first model postnatal college enrollment and bachelor's completion by…
Descriptors: Educational Sociology, Bachelors Degrees, Nontraditional Students, Mothers
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Fletcher, Edward C., Jr.; Tyson, Will – Career and Technical Education Research, 2017
In this study, we determined the educational pathways and key life course transitions of young adults who enter Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics, and Health (STEMH) technician and professional jobs using the 1997 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY) dataset, tracking high school students from 1997 to adulthood in 2009. Using…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Young Adults, STEM Education, Science Careers
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Warkentien, Siri – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
The "Brown v. Board of Education" decision ruled racial school segregation unconstitutional over 60 years ago. Although widespread desegregation followed initially, the past several decades have seen increasing resegregation, as evidenced by a decreasing proportion of black students in the average white students' schools and an…
Descriptors: School Segregation, Middle Schools, High Schools, Enrollment
Saw, Guan – ProQuest LLC, 2016
This dissertation consists of three chapters that examine the effects of school and students improvement interventions. The first chapter investigates whether, for whom, and under which conditions high school mathematics and science course graduation requirements (CGRs) affect student achievement and educational attainment. Drawing on data from…
Descriptors: Educational Improvement, Student Improvement, Intervention, Program Effectiveness
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Ziol-Guest, Kathleen M.; Lee, Kenneth T. H. – AERA Open, 2016
Both income inequality and the achievement test score gap between high- and low-income children increased dramatically in the United States beginning in the 1970s. Recent work by Chetty, Hendren, Kline, Saez, and Turner (2014) suggests that, unlike the test score gap, the gap in college enrollment is essentially constant. This article takes a…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, National Surveys, Enrollment, Enrollment Trends
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Aratani, Yumiko; Cooper, Janice L. – Youth & Society, 2015
This article uses data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 to examine the relationship between running away from home between the ages of 12 and 14 and dropping from high school among youth. Propensity score matching was conducted in estimating the effect of running away on high school dropout while controlling for confounding…
Descriptors: Correlation, Runaways, Homeless People, Early Adolescents
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Kim, Kyung-Nyun – Education and Urban Society, 2015
This study investigated the relation between building human capital of former dropouts and their occupational standing and the interaction effects with individual characteristics. By applying the growth curve model, this study highlighted the factors that lead high school dropouts to enhance their occupational standing. An increment in the work…
Descriptors: Dropout Characteristics, Dropout Programs, Dropout Research, Investigations
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Kim, Sunha; Chang, Mido; Singh, Kusum; Allen, Katherine R. – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2015
This study examined the dropout trajectories of racial and linguistic minority students and explored the effects of students' contextual factors on their high school dropout risks. Our motivation was to identify the dropout patterns of Black, Hispanic, and Hispanic English language learner (ELL) students, who have comparatively high dropout rates,…
Descriptors: Racial Differences, Minority Group Students, Dropouts, At Risk Students
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Branigan, Amelia R. – Sociology of Education, 2017
In this study I hypothesize a larger penalty of obesity on teacher-assessed academic performance for white girls in English, where femininity is privileged, than in math, where stereotypical femininity is perceived to be a detriment. This pattern of associations would be expected if obesity largely influences academic performance through social…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, National Surveys, Obesity, Academic Achievement
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Zhang, Zhiyong; Lai, Keke; Lu, Zhenqiu; Tong, Xin – Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2013
Despite the widespread popularity of growth curve analysis, few studies have investigated robust growth curve models. In this article, the "t" distribution is applied to model heavy-tailed data and contaminated normal data with outliers for growth curve analysis. The derived robust growth curve models are estimated through Bayesian…
Descriptors: Structural Equation Models, Bayesian Statistics, Statistical Inference, Statistical Distributions
Aucejo, Esteban – Centre for Economic Performance, 2013
The sizable gender gap in college enrolment, especially among African Americans, constitutes a puzzling empirical regularity that may have serious consequences on marriage markets, male labor force participation and the diversity of college campuses. For instance, only 35.7 percent of all African American undergraduate students were men in 2004.…
Descriptors: Racial Differences, Gender Differences, Enrollment Rate, College Bound Students
Lovenheim, Michael F.; Reynolds, C. Lockwood – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2012
The higher education system in the United States is characterized by a large degree of quality heterogeneity, and there is a growing literature suggesting students attending higher quality universities have better educational and labor market outcomes. In this paper, we use NLSY97 data combined with the difference in the timing and strength of the…
Descriptors: College Choice, Labor Market, Housing, Educational Quality
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