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Bryce, Crystal I.; Alexander, Brittany L.; Fraser, Ashley M.; Fabes, Richard A. – Psychology in the Schools, 2020
Hope--a multidimensional positive motivational state--is particularly salient with adolescents in the school setting. Cognitive hope focuses on goal attainment cognitions whereas behavioral hope focuses on actions required for goal attainment. Studies rarely examine the contribution of each type of hope to adolescents' academic functioning and…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Cognitive Processes, Adolescents, Well Being
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Scales, Peter C.; Pekel, Kent; Sethi, Jenna; Chamberlain, Rachel; Van Boekel, Martin – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2020
Student-teacher relationships that improve over time may help slow or prevent declines in student motivation. In a diverse sample of 1,274 middle and high school students from three schools, this mixed-methods study found that those who improved in developmental relationships with teachers reported greater academic motivation, and more positive…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Middle School Students, High School Students, Student Motivation
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Atteberry, Allison; LaCour, Sarah E.; Burris, Carol; Welner, Kevin G.; Murphy, John – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background/Context: There is broad agreement about the benefits of taking AP and/or IB courses in high school. Nonetheless, student access to such courses remains uneven and inequitable, due largely to the practice of tracking students by perceived "ability." These tracking practices are often defended based on the contention that…
Descriptors: Track System (Education), Advanced Placement, Honors Curriculum, High School Students
Dougherty, Chrys; Shaw, Teresa – ACT, Inc., 2016
This report looks at student achievement levels in Arkansas school districts disaggregated by district poverty and by the district's performance relative to other districts. We estimated district performance statistics by subject and grade level (4, 8, and 11-12) for longitudinal student cohorts, using statistical models that adjusted for district…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, School Districts, Poverty, Grade 4
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Cornell, Dewey; Shukla, Kathan; Konold, Timothy R. – AERA Open, 2016
This study tested the theory that an authoritative school climate characterized by disciplinary structure and student support is conducive to positive academic outcomes for middle and high school students. Multilevel multivariate modeling at student and school levels was conducted using school surveys completed by statewide samples of 39,364…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Academic Achievement, Learner Engagement, Grades (Scholastic)
Bassiri, Dina – ACT, Inc., 2015
The 2001 reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) known as No Child Left Behind and more recent federal initiatives such as Race to the Top and the ESEA flexibility waiver have brought student growth to the forefront of education reform for assessing school and teacher effectiveness. This study examined growth…
Descriptors: Value Added Models, College Readiness, Statistics, Grade 8
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Umaña-Taylor, Adriana J.; Tynes, Brendesha M.; Toomey, Russell B.; Williams, David R.; Mitchell, Kimberly J. – Developmental Psychology, 2015
Guided by a risk and resilience framework, the current study examined the associations between Latino adolescents' ("n" = 219; "M" [subscript age] = 14.35; "SD" = 1.75) perceptions of ethnic discrimination in multiple settings (e.g., online, school) and several domains of adjustment (e.g., mental health, academic),…
Descriptors: Hispanic American Students, Adolescents, Risk, Resilience (Psychology)
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Núñez, José Carlos; Suárez, Natalia; Rosário, Pedro; Vallejo, Guillermo; Cerezo, Rebeca; Valle, António – Journal of Educational Research, 2015
The authors intended to (a) identify the association between gender or grade level and teachers' homework (HW) feedback and (b) examine the relationship between teachers' HW feedback, HW-related behaviors (e.g., amount of HW completed), and academic achievement. Four hundred fifty-four students (Grades 5-12) participated in this study. The results…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Homework, Academic Achievement, Gender Differences
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Lazarev, Valeriy; Newman, Denis; Sharp, Alyssa – Regional Educational Laboratory West, 2014
This study explored the relationships among the components of the Arizona Department of Education's new teacher evaluation model, with a particular focus on the extent to which ratings from the state model's teacher observation instrument differentiated higher and lower performance. The study used teacher-level evaluation data collected by the…
Descriptors: Teacher Evaluation, Observation, State Departments of Education, Correlation
ACT, Inc., 2012
Last year, Hispanic and African American high school graduates met ACT's College Readiness Benchmarks in English, reading, mathematics, and science at substantially lower rates than did Asian and White graduates. For example, the rate of White graduates who were college ready in English (77%) was twice that of their African American peers (35%).…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Racial Differences, Ethnic Groups, Academic Achievement
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Theodosiou, Argiris; Mantis, Konstantinos; Papaioannou, Athanasios – Educational Research and Reviews, 2008
The present study examined age-group differences in students' self-reports of metacognitive activity in physical education settings. Five hundred and ten students of public elementary, junior and senior high school provided self-reports concerning the metacognitive processes they use during physical education lessons, their goal orientations and…
Descriptors: Physical Education, Metacognition, Multivariate Analysis, Public Schools