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Bryce, Crystal I.; Alexander, Brittany L.; Fraser, Ashley M.; Fabes, Richard A. – Psychology in the Schools, 2020
Hope--a multidimensional positive motivational state--is particularly salient with adolescents in the school setting. Cognitive hope focuses on goal attainment cognitions whereas behavioral hope focuses on actions required for goal attainment. Studies rarely examine the contribution of each type of hope to adolescents' academic functioning and…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Cognitive Processes, Adolescents, Well Being
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Scales, Peter C.; Pekel, Kent; Sethi, Jenna; Chamberlain, Rachel; Van Boekel, Martin – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2020
Student-teacher relationships that improve over time may help slow or prevent declines in student motivation. In a diverse sample of 1,274 middle and high school students from three schools, this mixed-methods study found that those who improved in developmental relationships with teachers reported greater academic motivation, and more positive…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Middle School Students, High School Students, Student Motivation