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Prado, Jérôme; Mutreja, Rachna; Booth, James R. – Developmental Science, 2014
Mastering single-digit arithmetic during school years is commonly thought to depend upon an increasing reliance on verbally memorized facts. An alternative model, however, posits that fluency in single-digit arithmetic might also be achieved via the increasing use of efficient calculation procedures. To test between these hypotheses, we used a…
Descriptors: Hypothesis Testing, Numeracy, Arithmetic, Computation
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Rouder, Jeffrey N.; Geary, David C. – Developmental Science, 2014
Learning of the mathematical number line has been hypothesized to be dependent on an inherent sense of approximate quantity. Children's number line placements are predicted to conform to the underlying properties of this system; specifically, placements are exaggerated for small numerals and compressed for larger ones. Alternative hypotheses…
Descriptors: Numbers, Number Concepts, Cognitive Development, Child Development
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Limpo, Teresa; Alves, Rui A.; Fidalgo, Raquel – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
Background: It is well established that the activity of producing a text is a complex one involving three main cognitive processes: Planning, translating, and revising. Although these processes are crucial in skilled writing, beginning and developing writers seem to struggle with them, mainly with planning and revising. Aims: To trace the…
Descriptors: Writing Skills, Writing Processes, Revision (Written Composition), Planning
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Carretti, Barbara; Caldarola, Nadia; Tencati, Chiara; Cornoldi, Cesare – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
Background: Metacognition and working memory (WM) have been found associated with success in reading comprehension, but no studies have examined their combined effect on the training of reading comprehension. Another open question concerns the role of listening comprehension: In particular, it is not clear whether training to improve reading…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Metacognition, Short Term Memory, Reading Instruction
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Putman, S. Michael – Reading Psychology, 2014
The Internet is having a profound impact on the literacy practices of today's students. Acknowledging the complex processes associated with reading online, the Survey of Online Reading Attitudes and Behaviors (SORAB) was created to further our understandings in this area. A factor analysis revealed the instrument included five factors that…
Descriptors: Internet, Electronic Publishing, Reading Habits, Factor Analysis
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Ickovics, Jeannette R.; Carroll-Scott, Amy; Peters, Susan M.; Schwartz, Marlene; Gilstad-Hayden, Kathryn; McCaslin, Catherine – Journal of School Health, 2014
Background: The Institute of Medicine (2012) concluded that we must "strengthen schools as the heart of health." To intervene for better outcomes in both health and academic achievement, identifying factors that impact children is essential. Study objectives are to (1) document associations between health assets and academic achievement,…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Physical Fitness, Tests, Physical Health
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Haria, Priti D.; Midgette, Ekaterina – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2014
This study examined the effectiveness of instruction in a genre-specific reading comprehension strategy, "critical analysis of argumentative text," which was designed to help students to identify, summarize, and critically analyze parts of an argumentative text. The investigators hypothesized that reading instruction would improve the…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Reading Difficulties
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Arieli-Attali, Meirav; Cayton-Hodges, Gabrielle – ETS Research Report Series, 2014
Prior work on the "CBAL"™ mathematics competency model resulted in an initial competency model for middle school grades with several learning progressions (LPs) that elaborate central ideas in the competency model and provide a basis for connecting summative and formative assessment. In the current project, we created a competency model…
Descriptors: Mathematics Tests, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Mathematics, Numbers
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Barone, Diane; Barone, Rebecca – Reading Horizons, 2014
This manuscript focuses on fifth graders' understanding of science fiction. It is argued that it is necessary for students to understand both reading strategies and the key elements of a genre for comprehension. Students read "The Giver" within literature circles and conversation and written responses about the book were used for…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Science Fiction, Grade 5, Elementary School Students
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Rowland, Karen D.; Davis, Terah – Georgia School Counselors Association Journal, 2014
According to the 2010 United States Census, one out of every five children live in an immigrant family with either one or both parents being immigrants. This paper will explore the unique needs of children of immigrants who come to school as immigrant students. A discussion of the use of Reality Therapy as a counseling approach with this…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Dietrich, Trevor; Balli, Sandra J. – International Journal of Instruction, 2014
Thirty four fifth-grade students were interviewed about classroom learning and technology. Interview data were considered through Schlechty's (2002) levels of engagement framework to explore students' authentic or ritualistic engagement during technology supported lessons. Student engagement is defined as interest in and commitment to learning.…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Learner Engagement, Technology Uses in Education, Student Participation
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Goodmon, Leilani B.; Leverett, Raven; Royer, Amanda; Hillard, Gracia; Tedder, Tracey; Rakes, Lori – Journal of Research in Education, 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine if the behavioral and learning benefit found from the use of therapy balls as classroom seats in children with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) (e.g., Schilling, Washington, Billingsley, & Deitz, 2003) generalizes to children with dyslexia who suffer from similar attention problems…
Descriptors: Children, Dyslexia, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Therapy
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Petersen, Ann-Louise – Contemporary Educational Technology, 2014
This article focuses on the leadership used by the principal in a collaborative ICT project. The case study chosen was a school project conducted within the NCCE project (Nordic Cross Country Education). The EU funded project ran for three years in grades 5-9 in Sweden, Denmark and Norway. The goal of the project was to develop cross-border…
Descriptors: Principals, Leadership Styles, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education
Cavazos, Blanca Guadalupe – ProQuest LLC, 2014
"Do The Math," a 1-hour, live, educational television program provides on-air instruction in general math, geometry, pre-algebra and algebra to a target audience of 4th-12th graders. A team of math teachers also provides tutoring to students who call in for help with homework. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether watching…
Descriptors: Educational Television, Mathematics Instruction, Secondary School Mathematics, Program Effectiveness
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Ottmar, Erin R.; Decker, Lauren E.; Cameron, Claire E.; Curby, Timothy W.; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E. – Learning Environments Research, 2014
This study examined the quality of teacher-child interactions and exposure to mathematics instruction as predictors of 5th grade student's mathematics achievement. The sample was a subset of the children involved in the NICHD-SECC longitudinal study (N = 657). Results indicate that, even after controlling for student demographic…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Educational Quality, Elementary School Students
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