ERIC Number: EJ1119699
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Initial Understandings of Fraction Concepts Evidenced by Students with Mathematics Learning Disabilities and Difficulties: A Framework
Hunt, Jessica H.; Welch-Ptak, Jasmine J.; Silva, Juanita M.
Learning Disability Quarterly, v39 n4 p213-225 Nov 2016
Documenting how students with learning disabilities (LD) initially conceive of fractional quantities, and how their understandings may align with or differ from students with mathematics difficulties, is necessary to guide development of assessments and interventions that attach to unique ways of thinking or inherent difficulties these students may face understanding fraction concepts. One way to characterize such conceptions is through the creation of a framework that depicts key understandings evidenced as students work with problematic situations. The present study extends current literature by presenting key understandings of fractions, documented through problem-solving activity, language, representations, and operations, evidenced by students with LD and mathematics difficulties as they engaged with equal sharing problems. Clinical interviews were conducted with 43 students across the second, third, fourth, and fifth grades. Results of the study suggest that students with LD hold similar informal notions of key understandings of fractions as students with mathematics difficulties and that many of the students evidenced rudimentary understandings of fractional quantities. Researchers discuss implications of the findings in relation to considerations for designing interventions to support and extend students' initial conceptions of fractional quantity.
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Fractions, Mathematical Concepts, Concept Formation, Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Language Usage, Elementary School Students, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5, Prior Learning, Semi Structured Interviews, Comparative Analysis, Content Analysis, Qualitative Research, Nonparametric Statistics, Statistical Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 2; Primary Education; Early Childhood Education; Grade 3; Grade 4; Intermediate Grades; Grade 5; Middle Schools
Sponsor: National Science Foundation (NSF)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: DRK121446250