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van der Ven, Sanne H. G.; Klaiber, Jonathan D.; van der Maas, Han L. J. – Educational Psychology, 2017
Writing down spoken number words (transcoding) is an ability that is predictive of math performance and related to working memory ability. We analysed these relationships in a large sample of over 25,000 children, from kindergarten to the end of primary school, who solved transcoding items with a computer adaptive system. Furthermore, we…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Foreign Countries, Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction
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Zee, Marjolein; de Jong, Peter F.; Koomen, Helma M. Y. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
The present study examined teachers' domain-specific self-efficacy (TSE) in relation to individual students with a variety of social-emotional behaviors in class. Using a sample of 526 third- to sixth-grade students and 69 teachers, multilevel modeling was conducted to examine students' externalizing, internalizing, and prosocial behaviors as…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Elementary School Teachers, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Hogenes, Michel; van Oers, Bert; Diekstra, René F. W.; Sklad, Marcin – International Journal of Music Education, 2016
The present study aims to contribute to the understanding of the effects of music education, in particular music composition as a classroom activity for fifth- and sixth-graders. The intervention (experimental condition) focused on a three-step-model for music composition, based on the Cultural Historical Activity Theory of education, and has been…
Descriptors: Music Education, Musical Composition, Grade 5, Grade 6
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Boerma, Inouk E.; Mol, Suzanne E.; Jolles, Jelle – Reading Psychology, 2016
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between teacher perceptions and children's reading motivation, with specific attention to gender differences. The reading self-concept, task value, and attitude of 160 fifth and sixth graders were measured. Teachers rated each student's reading comprehension. Results showed that for boys,…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Gender Differences, Reading Motivation, Grade 6
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Pronk, Jeroen; Olthof, Tjeert; Goossens, Frits A. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2016
While both outsiders and defenders have antibullying attitudes, only defenders have the reputation to defend victims. However, outsiders--despite their reputation of avoiding involvement in bullying--do receive some defender nominations and thus defend victims at least occasionally. This study investigated the relationship between these behavioral…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Social Behavior, Social Cognition
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Veenendaal, Nathalie J.; Groen, Margriet A.; Verhoeven, Ludo – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2016
The purpose of this study was to examine the directionality of the relationship between text reading prosody and reading comprehension in the upper grades of primary school. We compared 3 theoretical possibilities: Two unidirectional relations from text reading prosody to reading comprehension and from reading comprehension to text reading prosody…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Elementary School Students, Longitudinal Studies, Foreign Countries
Gubbels, Joyce; Segers, Eliane; Keuning, Jos; Verhoeven, Ludo – Gifted Child Quarterly, 2016
The theory of triarchic intelligence posits that, in addition to the widely acknowledged analytical reasoning abilities, creative and practical abilities should be included in the assessments of intellectual capacities and identification of gifted students. To find support for such an approach, the present study examined the psychometric…
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Elementary School Students, Correlation, Factor Analysis
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Hornstra, Lisette; van der Veen, Ineke; Peetsma, Thea; Volman, Monique – School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2015
The present study investigated the effects of socioeconomic and ethnic classroom composition on developments in students' motivation, sense of classroom belonging, and achievement. A sample of 722 primary school students completed questionnaires from 3rd to 6th grade. Latent growth curve analyses revealed that the reading comprehension scores of…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Classroom Environment, Student Diversity, Socioeconomic Status
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Van Klaveren, Chris; De Witte, Kristof – Education Economics, 2015
Schools frequently increase the instructional time to improve primary school children's math and reading skills. There is, however, little evidence that math and reading skills are effectively improved by these instruction-time increases. This study evaluates "Playing for Success" (PfS), an extended school day program for underachieving…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Team Sports, Extended School Day, Elementary School Students
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Pronk, Jeroen; Olthof, Tjeert; Goossens, Frits A. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2015
This study investigated personality correlates of early adolescents' tendency to either defend victims of bullying or to avoid involvement in bullying situations. Participants were 591 Dutch fifth- and sixth-grade students (X-bar[subscript age] = 11.42 years). Hierarchical regression models were run to predict these students' peer-reported…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Correlation, Bullying, Victims
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van den Berg, Yvonne H. M.; Burk, William J.; Cillessen, Antonius H. N. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2015
The purpose of this study was to identify and validate subtypes of peer status by integrating preference and popularity into a single framework. Person-oriented analyses were performed among 3,630 children and adolescents of different cohorts in primary and secondary education. In the young age groups (Grade 3/4 to Grade 7), three clusters were…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Preferences, Social Influences, Children
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van der Zanden, Petrie J. A. C.; Denessen, Eddie J. P. G.; Scholte, Ron H. J. – School Psychology International, 2015
Bullying is a problem in many schools around the world. It is seen as an unwanted phenomenon in education and in many contexts the reduction of bullying is a target of national and local education policy. In practice, the extent to which bullying occurs differs widely across classrooms. Part of these differences may be explained by teachers'…
Descriptors: Bullying, Student Behavior, Peer Relationship, Questionnaires
Gubbels, Joyce; Segers, Eliane; Verhoeven, Ludo – Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 2014
In most industrialized societies, the regular educational system does not meet the educational needs of gifted pupils, causing a lag in their school achievement. One way in which more challenge can be provided to gifted children is with an enrichment program. In the present study, cognitive, socioemotional, and attitudinal effects of a triarchic…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gifted, Children, Elementary School Students
Boor-Klip, Henrike J.; Cillessen, Antonius H. N.; van Hell, Janet G. – Gifted Child Quarterly, 2014
Despite its importance in social development, social understanding has hardly been studied in high-ability children. This study explores differences in social understanding between children in high-ability and regular classrooms, specifically theory of mind (ToM) and perception accuracy, as well as associations between individual characteristics…
Descriptors: Social Development, Gifted, Children, Comparative Analysis
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Bouwmeester, Samantha; Verkoeijen, Peter P. J. L. – Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2010
The present study aimed at testing theoretical predictions of the fuzzy-trace theory about true and false recognition. The effects of semantic relatedness and study opportunity on true and false recognition of words from Deese, Roediger, McDermott lists (J. Deese, 1959; D. R. Read, 1996; H. L. Roediger & K. B. McDermott, 1995) were evaluated…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Memory, Associative Learning, Recall (Psychology)