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Yang, An; Li, Xiang; Salmivalli, Christina – Educational Psychology, 2016
Although knowledge on the psychosocial (mal)adjustment of bully-victims, children who bully others and are victimised by others, has been increasing, the findings have been principally gained utilising a single method to identify bully-victims. The present study examined the psychosocial adjustment of bully-victims (as compared with pure bullies…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Behavior Problems, Psychological Patterns
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Mazzone, Angela; Camodeca, Marina; Salmivalli, Christina – Journal of Moral Education, 2016
We examined the moderating effect of guilt on the associations between moral disengagement and bullying, defending and outsider behaviors in a sample of 404 students (203 boys; M[subscript age] = 11.09 years; SD = 1.48). Bullying, defending and outsider behavior were assessed through peer nominations, whereas guilt and moral disengagement were…
Descriptors: Bullying, Psychological Patterns, Moral Values, Correlation
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Peets, Kätlin; Pöyhönen, Virpi; Juvonen, Jaana; Salmivalli, Christina – Developmental Psychology, 2015
This study examined whether the degree to which bullying is normative in the classroom would moderate associations between "intra"- (cognitive and affective empathy, self-efficacy beliefs) and "inter"personal (popularity) factors and defending behavior. Participants were 6,708 third- to fifth-grade children (49% boys;…
Descriptors: Bullying, Social Attitudes, Student Behavior, Empathy