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Sharkey, Patrick; Schwartz, Amy Ellen; Ellen, Ingrid Gould; Lacoe, Johanna – Institute for Education and Social Policy, 2013
This paper examines the effect of exposure to violent crime on students' standardized test performance among a sample of students in New York City public schools. To identify the effect of exposure to community violence on children's test scores, we compare students exposed to an incident of violent crime on their own blockface in the week prior…
Descriptors: Violence, Crime, Environmental Influences, Standardized Tests
Martinez, Edwin E. – ProQuest LLC, 2012
This study examines the impact of instrumental music study and group chess lessons on the standardized test scores of suburban elementary public school students (grades three through five) in Levittown, New York. The study divides the students into the following groups and compares the standardized test scores of each: a) instrumental music…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Scores, Public Schools, Suburban Schools