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Journal of School Health69
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Showing 1 to 15 of 69 results Save | Export
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Garcia, Aileen S.; Takahashi, Shinya; Anderson-Knott, Mindy; Dev, Dipti – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Physical activity (PA) has long been acknowledged to contribute health benefits among children. However, research has consistently shown that PA declines as children grow older. Thus, this study examined the factors which are associated to children's PA in order to identify potential barriers to PA. Methods: Using data from the…
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Child Health, Health Behavior, Barriers
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Thompson, Hannah R.; Linchey, Jennifer K.; King, Benjamin; Himes, John H.; Madsen, Kristine A. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: The accuracy of students' heights and weights measured by school staff for body mass index (BMI) screening/reporting has not been established. This study examined school staffs' measurement accuracy, comparing accuracy by staff- and student-level characteristics. Methods: School staff and researchers measured the height and weight of…
Descriptors: Body Composition, Grade 4, Grade 5, Grade 6
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Raval, Gauri; Montañez, Evelyn; Meyer, Dodi; Berger-Jenkins, Evelyn – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Turn 2 Us (T2U) is an elementary school-based mental health promotion and prevention program in New York City. It targets fourth- and fifth-grade students at risk for social/emotional and behavioral problems and provides a range of services to students, staff, and parents. The purpose of this study is to determine if T2U decreases…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Grade 5, At Risk Students
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Nieh, Hsi-Ping; Wu, Wen-Chi – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: We examined the effects of the Galaxy Rescuers game, a collaborative board game on schoolchildren's bullying intervention. Methods: We conducted a group-randomized controlled trial. We recruited 328 fifth graders at an elementary school in northern Taiwan. The study took place in fall 2015 over a 7-week period. We used the generalized…
Descriptors: Educational Games, Bullying, Program Effectiveness, Grade 5
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Kahan, David; McKenzie, Thomas L. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: We assessed the associations of 5 school and 7 neighborhood variables with fifth-grade students achieving Healthy Fitness Zone (HFZ) or Needs Improvement-Health Risk (NI-HR) on aerobic capacity (AC) and body composition (BC) physical fitness components of the state-mandated FITNESSGRAM® physical fitness test. Methods: Data for outcome…
Descriptors: Physical Fitness, Risk, Body Composition, Tests
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Lau, Erica Y.; Dowda, Marsha; McIver, Kerry L.; Pate, Russell R. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: We examined longitudinal changes in children's physical activity during the school day, afterschool, and evening across fifth, sixth, and seventh grades. Methods: The analytical sample included children who had valid accelerometer data in fifth grade and at least one other time-point, and provided complete sociodemographic information…
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Physical Activity Level, Gender Differences, Longitudinal Studies
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Mayfield, Carlene A.; Child, Stephanie; Weaver, Robert G.; Zarrett, Nicole; Beets, Michael W.; Moore, Justin B. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: We examined the effectiveness of Peaceful Playgrounds™ (P2) to decrease antisocial behaviors (ASB) while increasing physical activity (PA) and prosocial behaviors (PSB) in elementary school children. Methods: A longitudinal, cluster-randomized design was employed in 4 elementary school playgrounds where students (third to fifth) from 2…
Descriptors: Playgrounds, Student Behavior, Physical Activity Level, Peace
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Song, Hee-Jung; Grutzmacher, Stephanie; Munger, Ash L. – Journal of School Health, 2016
Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of a school-based nutrition program using a cafeteria environment intervention and classroom nutrition education on self-reported fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption, self-efficacy to select FV, and preference for healthy foods. Methods: Using quasi-experimental pre-post design with 3…
Descriptors: Nutrition Instruction, Food, Eating Habits, Health Promotion
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O'Neill, James M.; Clark, Jeffrey K.; Jones, James A. – Journal of School Health, 2016
Background: In elementary grades, comprehensive health education curricula have demonstrated effectiveness in addressing singular health issues. The Michigan Model for Health (MMH) was implemented and evaluated to determine its impact on nutrition, physical fitness, and safety knowledge and skills. Methods: Schools (N = 52) were randomly assigned…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Health Promotion, Physical Fitness, Randomized Controlled Trials
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Zhang, Xinghui; Xuan, Xin; Chen, Fumei; Zhang, Cai; Luo, Yuhan; Wang, Yun – Journal of School Health, 2016
Background: Perceptions of school safety have an important effect on students' development. Based on the model of "context-process-outcomes," we examined school safety as a context variable to explore how school safety at the school level affected students' self-esteem. Methods: We used hierarchical linear modeling to examine the link…
Descriptors: Correlation, School Safety, Student School Relationship, Self Esteem
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Drapeau, Vicky; Savard, Mathieu; Gallant, Annette; Nadeau, Luc; Gagnon, Jocelyn – Journal of School Health, 2016
Background: Most Canadian children do not meet daily recommendations for consumption of vegetables and fruits (V/F) and dairy products (DP). The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of Team Nutriathlon on V/F and DP consumption of children. Methods: Participants were 404 children from grades 5 and 6 (intervention group [IG] N = 242,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Eating Habits, Food, Dietetics
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Burgermaster, Marissa; Koroly, Jenna; Contento, Isobel; Koch, Pamela; Gray, Heewon L. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Schools are frequent settings for childhood obesity prevention; however, intervention results are mixed. Classroom context may hold important clues to improving these interventions. Methods: We used mixed methods to examine classroom context during a curriculum intervention taught by trained instructors in fifth grade classrooms. We…
Descriptors: Mixed Methods Research, Comparative Analysis, Obesity, Child Health
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Ward, Stephanie; Bélanger, Mathieu; Donovan, Denise; Caissie, Isabelle; Goguen, Julie; Vanasse, Allain – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: School environmental characteristics may be associated with youth's participation in different types of physical activities (PAs). This study aimed to identify which school policies and built environmental characteristics were associated with participation in organized, nonorganized, individual, and group-based activities. Methods:…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, School Policy, Physical Activities, Student Participation
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Summersett-Ringgold, Faith C.; Li, Kaigang; Haynie, Denise L.; Iannotti, Ronald J. – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: Socioeconomic status (SES) influences students' school perceptions and affects their performance, engagement, and personal beliefs. This study examined the effects of school population SES and school resources on the association between student SES and student perceptions. Methods: School liking, classmate social relationships, family…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Influences, Student Attitudes, School Attitudes, Academic Achievement
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Carraway-Stage, Virginia; Hovland, Jana; Showers, Carissa; Díaz, Sebastián; Duffrin, Melani W. – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: Students may be receiving less than an average of 4?hours of nutrition instruction per year. Integrating nutrition with other subject areas such as science may increase exposure to nutrition education, while supporting existing academics. Methods: During the 2009-2010 school year, researchers implemented the Food, Math, and Science…
Descriptors: Nutrition Instruction, Science Instruction, Mathematics Instruction, Food
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