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Maeng, Jennifer L.; Bell, Randy L.; St. Clair, Tyler; Gonczi, Amanda L.; Whitworth, Brooke A. – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
This embedded mixed method study used a randomised controlled? trial design to examine two cohorts of upper (grades 4-6) elementary teachers' classroom implementation of nature of science (NOS) instruction following their participation in a statewide professional development (PD). The treatment group (n = 145) was compared to a control group (n =…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Elementary School Science, Scientific Principles, Science Instruction
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Meneses, Alejandra; Escobar, José-Pablo; Véliz, Soledad – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
Reading comprehension is a crucial skill that elementary school students must develop in order to learn science. However, there is not yet enough research about the role that multimodal texts play in scaffolding student reading comprehension of complex scientific processes, such as energy transfer. This study explored how verbal and visual…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries, Experimental Groups
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Nichol, Carolyn; Chow, Alice; Furtwengler, Scott – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
We first examined the effects of a year-long professional development (PD) programme for elementary science teachers on fifth grade student performance on state-mandated science achievement tests of students from a treatment and a comparison group of teachers in the 2009-2010 academic year. Then, we investigated the longer-term impacts by…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Elementary School Teachers, Science Teachers, Elementary School Students
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Kruit, P. M.; Oostdam, R. J.; van den Berg, E.; Schuitema, J. A. – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
In most primary science classes, students are taught science inquiry skills by way of learning by doing. Research shows that explicit instruction may be more effective. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of explicit instruction on the acquisition of inquiry skills. Participants included 705 Dutch fifth and sixth graders. Students…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Grade 6, Elementary School Science, Elementary School Students
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Harper, Susan G. – International Journal of Science Education, 2017
This research explored how Karen (first-generation refugees from Burma) elementary students engaged with the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) practice of constructing scientific explanations based on evidence within the context of a cross-cultural learning community. In this action research, the researcher and a Karen parent served as…
Descriptors: Refugees, Elementary School Students, Science Instruction, Cultural Awareness
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Yang, Kuay-Keng; Lee, Ling; Hong, Zuway-R; Lin, Huann-shyang – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of the creative inquiry-based science teaching on students' creative science thinking and science inquiry performance. A quasi-experimental design consisting one experimental group (N = 20) and one comparison group (N = 24) with pretest and post-test was conducted. The framework of the…
Descriptors: Creative Thinking, Science Instruction, Science Education, Convergent Thinking
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Chang, Jina; Song, Jinwoong – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
The teaching and learning of science in school are influenced by various factors, including both individual factors, such as member beliefs, and social factors, such as the power structure of the class. To understand this complex context affected by various factors in schools, we investigated the formation and sharing process of science classroom…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Social Influences, Classroom Environment, Observation
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King, Donna; English, Lyn D. – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
Internationally there is a need for research that focuses on STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) education to equip students with the skills needed for a rapidly changing future. One way to do this is through designing engineering activities that reflect real-world problems and contextualise students' learning of STEM concepts.…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Elementary School Students, Qualitative Research, Foreign Countries
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Karpudewan, Mageswary; Roth, Wolff-Michael; Bin Abdullah, Mohd Nor Syahrir – International Journal of Science Education, 2015
Climate change generally and global warming specifically have become a common feature of the daily news. Due to widespread recognition of the adverse consequences of climate change on human lives, concerted societal effort has been taken to address it (e.g. by means of the science curriculum). This study was designed to test the effect that…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Knowledge Level, Climate, Global Approach
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Breuer, Gabriele B.; Schlegel, Jürg; Kauf, Peter; Rupf, Reto – International Journal of Science Education, 2015
Children have served as research subjects in several surveys on attitudes to insects and invertebrates. Most of the studies have used quantitative scoring methods to draw conclusions. This paper takes a different approach as it analyzes children's free-text comments to gain an understanding of their viewpoints. A total of 246 children aged 9-13…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Questionnaires, Foreign Countries, Entomology
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Mun, Jiyeong; Mun, Kongju; Kim, Sung-Won – International Journal of Science Education, 2015
This article reports on the study of the components of scientific imagination and describes the scales used to measure scientific imagination in Korean elementary and secondary students. In this study, we developed an inventory, which we call the Scientific Imagination Inventory (SII), in order to examine aspects of scientific imagination. We…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Imagination, Secondary School Students, Elementary School Students
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Van Booven, Christopher D. – International Journal of Science Education, 2015
Building on the "questioning-based discourse analytical" framework developed by Singapore-based science educator and discourse analyst, Christine Chin, this study investigated the extent to which fifth-grade science teachers' use of questions with either an authoritative or dialogic orientation differentially restricted or expanded the…
Descriptors: Elementary School Science, Inquiry, Active Learning, Questioning Techniques
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Carrier, Sarah J.; Thomson, Margareta M.; Tugurian, Linda P.; Stevenson, Kathryn Tate – International Journal of Science Education, 2014
In this article, we present a mixed-methods study of 2 schools' elementary science programs including outdoor instruction specific to each school's culture. We explore fifth-grade students in measures of science knowledge, environmental attitudes, and outdoor comfort levels including gender and ethnic differences. We further examine students'…
Descriptors: Elementary School Science, Science Education, Classroom Environment, Outdoor Education
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Kukkonen, Jari Ensio; Kärkkäinen, Sirpa; Dillon, Patrick; Keinonen, Tuula – International Journal of Science Education, 2014
Research has demonstrated that simulation-based inquiry learning has significant advantages for learning outcomes when properly scaffolded. For successful learning in science with simulation-based inquiry, one needs to ascertain levels of background knowledge so as to support learners in making, evaluating and modifying hypotheses, conducting…
Descriptors: Elementary School Science, Science Instruction, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Inquiry
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Wang, Jing-Ru; Chen, Shin-Feng; Fang, I.; Chou, Ching-Ting – International Journal of Science Education, 2014
This study used a Chinese-language version of the Index of Science Reading Awareness to explore the science reading metacognition and comprehension of Taiwanese students. Structural equation modelling results confirmed the underlying model comprised three clusters of metacognitive knowledge: beliefs and confidence in science reading, knowledge of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Metacognition, Reading Comprehension, Science Instruction
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