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Yang, An; Li, Xiang; Salmivalli, Christina – Educational Psychology, 2016
Although knowledge on the psychosocial (mal)adjustment of bully-victims, children who bully others and are victimised by others, has been increasing, the findings have been principally gained utilising a single method to identify bully-victims. The present study examined the psychosocial adjustment of bully-victims (as compared with pure bullies…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Behavior Problems, Psychological Patterns
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Sainio, Miia; Veenstra, Rene; Huitsing, Gijs; Salmivalli, Christina – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2011
This study focused on the dyadic defending relationships of victimized children in grades 3, 4, and 5 (N = 7481 children from 356 school classes, mean ages 10-12 years). Most of the victims (72.3%) had at least one defender. Being defended was positively related to victims' adjustment and social status. Analyses on victim-defender dyads showed…
Descriptors: Social Status, Peer Relationship, Grade 3, Victims of Crime
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Debate, Rita D.; Gabriel, Kelley Pettee; Zwald, Marissa; Huberty, Jennifer; Zhang, Yan – Journal of School Health, 2009
Background: Despite the numerous physiological, psychological, and academic benefits of physical activity (PA), declines in PA levels among girls have been observed over the last decade. The purpose of this preliminary study was to assess the short-term changes pertaining to Girls on the Run and Girls on Track developmentally focused youth sport…
Descriptors: Females, Physical Activity Level, Self Esteem, Self Concept