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Yang, An; Li, Xiang; Salmivalli, Christina – Educational Psychology, 2016
Although knowledge on the psychosocial (mal)adjustment of bully-victims, children who bully others and are victimised by others, has been increasing, the findings have been principally gained utilising a single method to identify bully-victims. The present study examined the psychosocial adjustment of bully-victims (as compared with pure bullies…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Behavior Problems, Psychological Patterns
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Sainio, Miia; Veenstra, Rene; Huitsing, Gijs; Salmivalli, Christina – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2011
This study focused on the dyadic defending relationships of victimized children in grades 3, 4, and 5 (N = 7481 children from 356 school classes, mean ages 10-12 years). Most of the victims (72.3%) had at least one defender. Being defended was positively related to victims' adjustment and social status. Analyses on victim-defender dyads showed…
Descriptors: Social Status, Peer Relationship, Grade 3, Victims of Crime