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Smith, Hiawatha D.; Miller, Samuel D. – Reading Psychology, 2018
This study evaluated the reading and motivational profiles of 187, 3rd, 4th, and 5th graders who failed their state-mandated reading assessment. Students completed reading assessments and the Motivation for Reading Questionnaire. Overall, student performances were below grade-level expectations, with the greatest discrepancy occurring between…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Reading, Elementary School Students, Grade 3
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Segbers, Jutta; Schroeder, Sascha – Language Testing, 2017
In this article we present a new method for estimating children's total vocabulary size based on a language corpus in German. We drew a virtual sample of different lexicon sizes from a corpus and let the virtual sample "take" a vocabulary test by comparing whether the items were included in the virtual lexicons or not. This enabled us to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, German, Vocabulary, Elementary School Students
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Muijselaar, Marloes M. L.; Swart, Nicole M.; Steenbeek-Planting, Esther G.; Droop, Mienke; Verhoeven, Ludo; de Jong, Peter F. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2017
We examined the developmental relations between knowledge of reading strategies and reading comprehension in a longitudinal study of 312 Dutch children from the beginning of fourth grade to the end of fifth grade. Measures for reading comprehension, reading strategies, reading fluency, vocabulary, and working memory were administered. A structural…
Descriptors: Correlation, Reading Comprehension, Reading Strategies, Longitudinal Studies
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Nouwens, Suzan; Groen, Margriet A.; Verhoeven, Ludo – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2017
Working memory is considered a well-established predictor of individual variation in reading comprehension in children and adults. However, how storage and processing capacities of working memory in both the phonological and semantic domain relate to reading comprehension is still unclear. In the current study, we investigated the contribution of…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Reading Comprehension, Semantics, Phonological Awareness
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Bailey, Drew H.; Hansen, Nicole; Jordan, Nancy C. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
The importance of fraction knowledge to later mathematics achievement, along with U.S. students' poor knowledge of fraction concepts and procedures, has prompted research on the development of fraction learning. In the present study, participants' (N = 536) development of fraction magnitude understanding and fraction arithmetic skills was assessed…
Descriptors: Fractions, Arithmetic, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Mathematics
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Morris, Darrell; Meyer, Carla; Trathen, Woodrow; McGee, Jennifer; Vines, Nora; Stewart, Trevor; Gill, Tom; Schlagal, Robert – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
This study explored print-processing and vocabulary differences among a group of 5th- and 6th-grade students who had scored below the 50th percentile on a standardized reading test. Guided by the simple view of reading, we applied cut scores (low/high) to the students' performance on print-processing and vocabulary tasks. The design allowed for…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Grade 5, Grade 6, Reading Tests
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Potocki, Anna; Sanchez, Monique; Ecalle, Jean; Magnan, Annie – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This article presents two studies investigating the role of executive functioning in written text comprehension in children and adolescents. In a first study, the involvement of executive functions in reading comprehension performance was examined in normally developing children in fifth grade. Two aspects of text comprehension were…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Children, Adolescents, Reading Difficulties
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Ye, Ai; Hansen, Nicole; Resnick, Ilyse; Carrique, Jessica; Jordan, Nancy – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
The purpose of the present study was to reveal the developmental pathway from third grade cognitive competencies to sixth grade conceptual and procedural fraction knowledge through the intervening whole numerical skills at fifth grade. The study used empirical data that come from 536 students in nine schools across two Delaware public school…
Descriptors: Fractions, Number Concepts, Mathematics Skills, Numeracy
MacDonald, Amy; Carmichael, Colin – Mathematics Education Research Group of Australasia, 2016
International research suggests that early mathematical competences predicts later mathematical outcomes. In this paper, we build on our previous study of young children's mathematical competencies (MacDonald & Carmichael, 2015) to explore the relationship between mathematical competencies at 4-5 years, as measured by teacher ratings, and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Longitudinal Studies, Mathematics Instruction, Young Children
Jordan, Nancy C.; Resnick, Ilyse; Rodrigues, Jessica; Hansen, Nicole; Dyson, Nancy – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
The goal of the present article is to synthesize findings to date from the Delaware Longitudinal Study of Fraction Learning. The study followed a large cohort of children (N = 536) between Grades 3 and 6. The findings showed that many students, especially those with diagnosed learning disabilities, made minimal growth in fraction knowledge and…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Fractions, Longitudinal Studies, Learning Disabilities
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Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Luo, Rufan; McFadden, Karen E.; Bandel, Eileen T.; Vallotton, Claire – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
We examined whether the early learning environment predicts children's 5th grade skills in 2,204 families from ethnically diverse, low-income backgrounds; tested the mediating roles of children's pre-kindergarten school-related skills and later learning environment; and asked whether lagged associations generalize across White, Black, Hispanic…
Descriptors: Family Environment, Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Preschool Children
Pagan, Stephanie; Sénéchal, Monique – Canadian Journal of Education, 2014
In this research, parents and children participated in a comprehensive book reading intervention designed to improve children's literacy. Over eight weeks during the summer, children in the intervention condition were encouraged to read one book weekly and parents were trained to foster reading comprehension. Forty-eight Grades 3 and 5 children…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, Reading Programs, Intervention, Literacy Education
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Munger, Kristen A.; LoFaro, Stephen A.; Kawryga, Erin A.; Sovocool, Elizabeth A.; Medina, Siani Y. – Educational Assessment, 2014
This study involved examination of the validity evidence of the Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills-Next Edition (DIBELS Next) for a sample of 85 third-and fifth-grade students, in reference to the "simple view" of reading. Tests administered included DIBELS Next, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-IV (PPVT-IV), Group Reading…
Descriptors: Emergent Literacy, Reading Tests, Reading Skills, Reading Comprehension
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Menard, Jessica; Wilson, Alexander M. – Exceptionality Education International, 2014
This study investigated whether students with reading disabilities (RD) showed greater regression in reading skills than did non-RD students over the summer vacation. The RD group consisted of 30 students in grades 4 to 6 from a private school for students with learning disabilities and a comparison group of 30 average readers in grades 4 to 6…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Learning Disabilities, Comparative Analysis, Achievement Gains
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Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Goodwin, Amanda P.; Compton, Donald L.; Kearns, Devin M. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the relation between morphological awareness on reading comprehension is moderated by multisyllabic word reading ability in fifth-grade students ("N" = 169, 53.7% female, 65.2% minority status, 69.2% free/reduced lunch status), oversampled for poor reading skill, when controlling for…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Morphology (Languages), Reading Skills, Reading Difficulties
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