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Showing 1 to 15 of 283 results Save | Export
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Muschkin, Clara G.; Ladd, Helen F.; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Bai, Yu – Educational Policy, 2020
Based on growing evidence of the long-term benefits of enriched early childhood experiences, we evaluate the potential for addressing gender disparities in elementary school through early care and education programs. Specifically, we explore the community-wide effects of two statewide initiatives in North Carolina on gender differences in academic…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Kyriakides, Leonidas; Charalambous, Evi; Creemers, H. P. M. (Bert); Dimosthenous, Andria – Educational Research, 2019
Background: Recent effectiveness studies have investigated the relationship between two dimensions of effectiveness -- namely, quality and equity. Specifically, the question of whether effective schools can also reduce the initial differences in student outcomes attributed to student background factors has been examined. In this context, the…
Descriptors: Educational Improvement, Equal Education, Educational Quality, Disadvantaged Environment
O'Reilly, Tenaha; Sands, Anita; Wang, Zuowei; Dreier, Kelsey; Sabatini, John – ETS Center for Research on Human Capital and Education, 2019
America is in a reading crisis. The authors of this new report point out, two in three American fourth-graders are performing below proficient in the National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP)--known as the "Nation's Report Card." There's another troubling component to this crisis. Important segments of society are being left…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Reading Skills, Reading Comprehension, Self Efficacy
Borgonovi, Francesca; Ferrara, Alessandro; Maghnouj, Soumaya – OECD Publishing, 2018
As is the case in most OECD countries, boys in Norway are more likely to have lower levels of academic achievement and attainment than girls. While this phenomenon is not recent, it has become increasingly pronounced in recent years and, as a result, is attracting considerable attention from policy-makers in many countries. This paper develops…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Outcomes of Education, Academic Achievement
National Foundation for Educational Research, 2018
Each country's education system is intricate and unique, underpinned with different policies and priorities. International Large Scale Assessments (ILSAs) provide valuable insights into how a country's education system is performing. These studies gather in-depth contextual information about systems, schools, teachers and students; and explore the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Grade 4
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Ratcliff, Nancy J.; Carroll, Kimberly L.; Jones, Cathy R.; Costner, Richard H.; Sheehan, Heather C.; Hunt, Gilbert H. – Teacher Educators' Journal, 2017
This research shares findings from a year-long observational study to determine if there were significant differences in the identified behaviors of teachers and students in fourth and seventh grade classrooms in schools with an achievement gap versus those with no achievement gap. Specific research questions addressed types of instructional…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Observation, Teacher Behavior, Student Behavior
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Yarbrough, Jamie L.; Cannon, Laura; Bergman, Shawn; Kidder-Ashley, Pamela; McCane-Bowling, Sara – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2017
Numerous studies have identified differences between males and females in academic performance across the areas of reading, writing, and mathematics. The current study examined whether or not gender differences exist when math curriculum-based measures (M-CBMs) are used to assess basic math computation skills in a sample of third- through…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Curriculum Based Assessment, Mathematics Achievement, Grade 3
Carnoy, Martin; García, Emma – Economic Policy Institute, 2017
A founding ideal of American democracy is that merit, not accident of birth, should determine individuals' income and social status. Schools have assumed a major role in judging key elements of merit among young people--namely, academic skills, hard work, self-discipline, and cooperative behavior. Schools do so mainly by evaluating students in a…
Descriptors: African American Students, Hispanic American Students, Asian American Students, Low Income Students
Reardon, Sean F.; Fahle, Erin M.; Kalogrides, Demetra; Podolsky, Anne; Zárate, Rosalía C. – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2018
In the first systematic study of gender achievement gaps in U.S. school districts, we estimate male-female test score gaps in math and English Language Arts (ELA) for nearly 10,000 school districts in the U.S. We use state accountability test data from third through eighth grade students in the 2008-09 through 2014-15 school years. The average…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Achievement Gap, Scores, Language Arts
Reardon, Sean F.; Kalogrides, Demetra; Fahle, Erin M.; Podolsky, Anne; Zárate, Rosalía C. – Educational Researcher, 2018
Prior research suggests that males outperform females, on average, on multiple-choice items compared to their relative performance on constructed-response items. This paper characterizes the extent to which gender achievement gaps on state accountability tests across the United States are associated with those tests' item formats. Using roughly 8…
Descriptors: Test Items, Test Format, Gender Differences, Achievement Gap
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Polat, Nihat; Zarecky-Hodge, Ashley; Schreiber, James B. – Journal of Educational Research, 2016
Utilizing the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) data, this study examined (1) how fourth and eighth-grade ELLs' mathematics and reading scores on national tests compared to their non-ELL peers' scores over the testing period between 2003 and 2011, and (2) if gender and ethnicity contributed to variation in the growth patterns…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Grade 4, Grade 8, Mathematics Tests
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Reardon, Sean; Fahle, Erin; Kalogrides, Demetra; Podolsky, Anne; Zarate, Rosalia – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
Prior research demonstrates the existence of gender achievement gaps and the variation in the magnitude of these gaps across states. This paper characterizes the extent to which the variation of gender achievement gaps on standardized tests across the United States can be explained by differing state accountability test formats. A comprehensive…
Descriptors: Test Format, Gender Differences, Achievement Gap, Standardized Tests
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Quinn, David M.; Cooc, North – Educational Researcher, 2015
Research on science achievement disparities by gender and race/ethnicity often neglects the beginning of the pipeline in the early grades. We address this limitation using nationally representative data following students from Grades 3 to 8. We find that the Black-White science test score gap (-1.07 SD in Grade 3) remains stable over these years,…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Science Achievement, Gender Differences, Racial Differences
Dougherty, Chrys; Hiserote, Linda; Shaw, Teresa – ACT, Inc., 2014
This report focuses on the extent to which students who are academically far off track in fourth or eighth grade in Kentucky catch up by eighth or eleventh grade. We studied three recent cohorts of Kentucky students whose eighth-grade ACT Explore® scores were more than one standard deviation below the ACT Explore benchmark scores associated with…
Descriptors: College Readiness, College Preparation, Career Readiness, Grade 4
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Bosworth, Ryan – Education Economics, 2014
Using richly detailed data on fourth- and fifth-grade students in the North Carolina public school system, I find evidence that students are assigned to classrooms in a non-random manner based on observable characteristics for a substantial portion of classrooms. Moreover, I find that this non-random assignment is statistically related to class…
Descriptors: Class Size, Student Diversity, Academic Achievement, Grade 4
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