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van Veen, Carmen; Schott, Nadja; Lander, Natalie; Tietjens, Maike; Hinkley, Trina; Dreiskämper, Dennis; Holfelder, Benjamin; Utesch, Till; Barnett, Lisa M. – Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 2020
Children's positive perceived motor competence (PMC) provides motivation for physical activity. Theoretically young children (<8 years) have inflated PMC but as children cognitively develop, perceptions are hypothesized to decrease. This study investigated strength of PMC association over time, whether any change was negative (i.e. PMC…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Elementary School Students, Cultural Differences, Gender Differences
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Magro, Sophia W.; Utesch, Till; Dreiskämper, Dennis; Wagner, Jenny – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2019
Though it is well-established that self-esteem develops from childhood well into old age, little is known about the processes that influence this change, especially among young populations. This international, cross-sequential study examined the development of self-esteem in 1599 second-graders (Age M[subscript T1] = 7.99, SD[subscript T1] = 0.52…
Descriptors: Self Esteem, Child Development, Grade 2, Elementary School Students
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Scharenberg, Katja; Rollett, Wolfram; Bos, Wilfried – School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2019
Regarding research on inclusive education, it is unknown whether differences in classroom composition provide unequal opportunities for educational outcomes of students with special educational needs (SEN). We investigated effects of student characteristics and classroom composition on reading achievement and social participation of SEN students.…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Classroom Environment
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Nonte, Sonja; Hartwich, Lea; Willems, Ariane S. – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2018
Background: Numerous studies have investigated the relationships between various student, home and contextual factors and reading achievement. However, the relationship between such factors and reading attitudes has been investigated far less, despite the fact that theoretical frameworks of large-scale assessments and school effectiveness research…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Reading Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Structural Equation Models
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Smith, Daniel Scott; Wendt, Heike; Kasper, Daniel – Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 2017
To understand the relationship between social background and sex in schooling, we use Bourdieu's theory of social reproduction and a feminist perspective of gender as practice. We pose two questions: (1) What is the relationship between economic and cultural capital and achievement for 4th-grade females versus males studying in Germany? (2) Is the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Sex Education, Social Influences, Gender Differences
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Hinz, Arnold – Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, 2017
Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the school-based "My Body and I" program which was designed to help girls and boys to cope better with inevitable pubertal body changes. Method: Using a pre-post treatment-control design with 25 treatment and 17 control classes from schools in Germany and France (484 boys, 485 girls;…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Body Composition, Gender Differences, Preadolescents
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Lohbeck, Annette; Nitkowski, Dennis; Petermann, Franz – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2016
Background: Research on test anxiety of elementary school children has mainly focused on prevalence rates and gender differences. Less work has addressed predictors of test anxiety in elementary school children. According to the control-value theory developed by Pekrun ("Educ Psychol Rev" 18:315-341. doi: 10.1007/s10648-006-9029-9,…
Descriptors: Test Anxiety, Elementary School Students, Self Concept, Predictor Variables
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Tröbst, Steffen; Kleickmann, Thilo; Lange-Schubert, Kim; Rothkopf, Anne; Möller, Kornelia – American Educational Research Journal, 2016
Students' interest in science declines substantially in the transition from elementary to secondary education. Using students' ratings of their instruction on the topic of evaporation and condensation, we examined if changes in instructional practices accounted for differences in situational interest in science instruction and enduring individual…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade 4, Grade 6, Science Interests
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Stephens, Maria; Warren, Laura K.; Harner, Ariana L. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2015
The "Comparative Indicators of Education" report series has been published on a biennial basis since it began in 2002, although this year's is the first to expand its focus to the G-20 countries, having previously been focused on the G-8 countries. "Comparative Indicators of Education in the United States and Other G-20 Countries:…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Indicators, Global Approach, International Assessment
Oh, Hyerim; Sutherland, Margaret; Stack, Niamh; del Mar Badia, Maria; Blumen, Sheyla; Nguyen Quoc, Anh-Thu; Wormald, Catherine; Maakrun, Julie; Baier, Barbara; Schmidt, Martha; Ziegler, Albert – Online Submission, 2014
This cross-national scenario based study examined fourth-grade students' perceptions of high-performing classmates in terms of their expected intellectual abilities, positive social qualities and popularity among their peers across seven countries. The overall results show that high academic achievements predominantly lead to positive expectations…
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement, High Achievement
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Quaiser-Pohl, Claudia; Neuburger, Sarah; Heil, Martin; Jansen, Petra; Schmelter, Andrea – International Journal of Testing, 2014
This article presents a reanalysis of the data of 862 second and fourth graders collected in two previous studies, focusing on the influence of method (psychometric vs. chronometric) and stimulus type on the gender difference in mental-rotation accuracy. The children had to solve mental-rotation tasks with animal pictures, letters, or cube…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Accuracy, Age Differences
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Arens, A. Katrin; Hasselhorn, Marcus – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2014
This study tested whether the gender intensification hypothesis applies to relations between multiple domain-specific self-concept facets and self-esteem. This hypothesis predicts gender-stereotypic differences in these relations and assumes they intensify with age. Furthermore, knowledge about gender-related or age-related differences in…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Age Differences, Self Concept, Self Esteem
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Arens, A. Katrin; Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; Craven, Rhonda G.; Watermann, Rainer; Hasselhorn, Marcus – International Journal of Educational Research, 2013
The often observed decline in students' self-perceptions across transition to secondary school after grade 6 is often attributed to students' entry to puberty. This study aims to examine whether lowered self-perceptions can be observed after transition in Germany which occurs after grade 4 and thus takes place before puberty. Fifth graders (N =…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Student Attitudes, Puberty, Self Esteem
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Miller, David C.; Sen, Anindita; Malley, Lydia B. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2007
This report describes how the education system in the United States compares with education systems in the other Group of Eight (G-8) countries: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Russian Federation and the United Kingdom. The report draws on the most current information about education from three primary sources: the Indicators of…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Foreign Countries, Enrollment, Youth
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Miller, David C.; Sen, Anindita; Malley, Lydia B. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2007
This report describes how the education system in the United States compares with education systems in the other Group of Eight (G-8) countries. The G-8 countries--Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States--are among the world's most economically developed countries. Comparative…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Enrollment Trends, Academic Achievement, Educational Environment