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Oon, Pey-Tee; Fan, Xitao – International Journal of Science Education, 2017
Students' attitude towards science (SAS) is often a subject of investigation in science education research. Survey of rating scale is commonly used in the study of SAS. The present study illustrates how Rasch analysis can be used to provide psychometric information of SAS rating scales. The analyses were conducted on a 20-item SAS scale used in an…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Psychometrics, Attitude Measures, Rating Scales
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Wang, Cheng-Lung; Liou, Pey-Yan – International Journal of Science Education, 2017
Taiwanese students are featured as having high academic achievement but low motivational beliefs according to the serial results of the Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). Moreover, given that the role of context has become more important in the development of academic motivation theory, this study aimed to examine the relationship…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Science Education, Science Achievement, Foreign Countries
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Capps, Daniel K.; Shemwell, Jonathan T.; Young, Ashley M. – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
Science education reforms worldwide call on teachers to engage students in investigative approaches to instruction, like inquiry. Studies of teacher self-reported enactment indicate that inquiry is used frequently in the classroom, suggesting a high level of proficiency with inquiry that would be amenable to inquiry reform. However, it is unclear…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Inquiry, Science Education
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Sheldrake, Richard – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
Understanding students' intentions to study science at upper-secondary school, at university, and to follow science careers continues as a central concern for international science education. Prior research has highlighted that students' science confidence has been associated with their intentions to study science further, although…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Science Education, Secondary School Students, Secondary School Science
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Fung, Dennis; Lui, Wai-mei – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
This paper, through discussion of a teaching intervention at two secondary schools in Hong Kong, demonstrates the learning advancement brought about by group work and dissects the facilitating role of teachers in collaborative discussions. One-hundred and fifty-two Secondary Two (Grade 8) students were divided into three pedagogical groups, namely…
Descriptors: Teacher Role, Science Instruction, Science Education, Group Activities
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Soulios, Ioannis; Psillos, Dimitris – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
In this study we present the structure and implementation of a model-based inquiry teaching-learning sequence (TLS) integrating expressive, experimental and exploratory modelling pedagogies in a cyclic manner, with the aim of enhancing primary education student teachers' epistemological beliefs about the aspects, nature, purpose and change of…
Descriptors: Student Teachers, Epistemology, Beliefs, Inquiry
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Yang, Wenyuan; Liu, Enshan – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
This article describes the development and validation of an instrument that can be used for content analysis of inquiry-based tasks. According to the theories of educational evaluation and qualities of inquiry, four essential functions that inquiry-based tasks should serve are defined: (1) assisting in the construction of understandings about…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Content Analysis, Inquiry, Foreign Countries
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Namdar, Bahadir; Shen, Ji – International Journal of Science Education, 2015
Scientific modeling has been advocated as one of the core practices in recent science education policy initiatives. In modeling-based instruction (MBI), students use, construct, and revise models to gain scientific knowledge and inquiry skills. Oftentimes, the benefits of MBI have been documented using assessments targeting students' conceptual…
Descriptors: Science Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Models, Scientific Methodology
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Ngai, Courtney; Sevian, Hannah; Talanquer, Vicente – International Journal of Science Education, 2014
Given the diversity of materials in our surroundings, one should expect scientifically literate citizens to have a basic understanding of the core ideas and practices used to analyze chemical substances. In this article, we use the term 'chemical identity' to encapsulate the assumptions, knowledge, and practices upon which chemical…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Chemistry, Scientific Concepts, Concept Formation
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Khishfe, Rola – International Journal of Science Education, 2014
The purpose of this study was twofold: (a) develop a conceptual framework for environmental science literacy; and consequently (b) examine the potential of science standards/curricula to prepare environmentally literate citizens. The framework comprised four pillars: science content knowledge, scientific inquiry, nature of science (NOS), and…
Descriptors: Scientific Literacy, Foreign Countries, Science Education, Standards
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McCormack, Lorraine; Finlayson, Odilla E.; McCloughlin, Thomas J. J. – International Journal of Science Education, 2014
In the Irish education system, there is little continuity between the primary and secondary education systems. The transfer between these systems is particularly problematic in the area of science. In order to alleviate some of these problems, as well as to enhance the cognitive development of students, the Cognitive Acceleration through Science…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Education, Cognitive Development, Elementary Secondary Education
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Hillman, Susan J.; Bloodsworth, Kylie H.; Tilburg, Charles E.; Zeeman, Stephan I.; List, Henrietta E. – International Journal of Science Education, 2014
This study was launched from a National Science Foundation GK-12 grant in which graduate fellows in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) are placed in classrooms to engage K-12 students in STEM activities. The investigation explored whether the STEM Fellows' presence impacted the K-12 students' stereotypical image of a…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Student Attitudes, Graduate Students
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Bryce, T. G. K.; Blown, E. J. – International Journal of Science Education, 2013
Children's understandings of the shape and relative sizes of the Earth, Sun and Moon have been extensively researched and in a variety of ways. Much is known about the confusions which arise as young people try to grasp ideas about the world and our neighbouring celestial bodies. Despite this, there remain uncertainties about the conceptual models…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Scientific Concepts, Astronomy, Earth Science
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Ren, Fujun; Li, Xiuju; Zhang, Huiliang; Wang, Lihui – International Journal of Science Education, 2012
For almost a century, researchers have studied creative imagination, most typically that of children. This article reports on a study of the development of creative imagination of Chinese youths and its relation to the educational environment. Data consisted of 4,162 students from grades 4 through 12. Findings showed that students' creative…
Descriptors: Science Activities, Foreign Countries, Creativity, Imagination
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Hong, Zuway-R.; Lin, Huann-shyang – International Journal of Science Education, 2011
The purposes of this study were to validate an instrument of attitudes toward science and to investigate grade level, type of school, and gender differences in Taiwan's students' personality traits and attitudes toward science as well as predictors of attitudes toward science. Nine hundred and twenty-two elementary students and 1,954 secondary…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Student Attitudes, Science Interests, Foreign Countries
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