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Ferrell, Kay Alicyn; Correa-Torres, Silvia M.; Howell, Jennifer Johnson; Pearson, Robert; Carver, Wendy Morrow; Groll, Amy Spencer; Anthony, Tanni L.; Matthews, Deborah; Gould, Bryan; O'Connell, Trisha; Botsford, Kathryn D,; Dewald, Hong Phangia; Smyth, Catherine A.; Dewald, Aaron John – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2017
Introduction:Although image description has been identified as an accommodation for presentations conducted in the classroom, only a few U.S. states have approved it for use in high-stakes assessments. This study examined the use of audible image description as an assessment accommodation for students with visual and print disabilities by…
Descriptors: Visual Impairments, Auditory Stimuli, Testing Accommodations, High Stakes Tests
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Zebehazy, Kim T.; Zigmond, Naomi; Zimmerman, George J. – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2012
Introduction: This study investigated differential item functioning (DIF) of test items on Pennsylvania's Alternate System of Assessment (PASA) for students with visual impairments and severe cognitive disabilities and what the reasons for the differences may be. Methods: The Wilcoxon signed ranks test was used to analyze differences in the scores…
Descriptors: Test Bias, Test Items, Alternative Assessment, Visual Impairments
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Zebehazy, Kim T.; Zigmond, Naomi; Zimmerman, George J. – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2012
Introduction: This study investigated the use of accommodations and the performance of students with visual impairments and severe cognitive disabilities on the Pennsylvania Alternate System of Assessment (PASA)yCoan alternate performance-based assessment. Methods: Differences in test scores on the most basic level (level A) of the PASA of 286…
Descriptors: Test Items, Visual Impairments, Alternative Assessment, Special Needs Students