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Ferrell, Kay Alicyn; Correa-Torres, Silvia M.; Howell, Jennifer Johnson; Pearson, Robert; Carver, Wendy Morrow; Groll, Amy Spencer; Anthony, Tanni L.; Matthews, Deborah; Gould, Bryan; O'Connell, Trisha; Botsford, Kathryn D,; Dewald, Hong Phangia; Smyth, Catherine A.; Dewald, Aaron John – Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 2017
Introduction:Although image description has been identified as an accommodation for presentations conducted in the classroom, only a few U.S. states have approved it for use in high-stakes assessments. This study examined the use of audible image description as an assessment accommodation for students with visual and print disabilities by…
Descriptors: Visual Impairments, Auditory Stimuli, Testing Accommodations, High Stakes Tests
Hedberg, E. C.; Hedges, Larry V. – Grantee Submission, 2014
Randomized experiments are often considered the strongest designs to study the impact of educational interventions. Perhaps the most prevalent class of designs used in large scale education experiments is the cluster randomized design in which entire schools are assigned to treatments. In cluster randomized trials (CRTs) that assign schools to…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Correlation, School Districts, Institutional Characteristics
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Hedges, Larry V.; Hedberg, E. C. – Evaluation Review, 2013
Background: Cluster-randomized experiments that assign intact groups such as schools or school districts to treatment conditions are increasingly common in educational research. Such experiments are inherently multilevel designs whose sensitivity (statistical power and precision of estimates) depends on the variance decomposition across levels.…
Descriptors: Correlation, Multivariate Analysis, Educational Experiments, Statistical Analysis