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Chen, Wei-Ru; Chen, Li-Ming – Educational Studies, 2019
The current scales for self-blame are not suitable for school bullying scenarios and most lack validity. This study used a self-developed scale to measure bullied victims' tendency to self-blame and further examined whether victims and bully/victims exhibited different tendencies toward self-blame under both bullied and generalized scenarios. The…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Elementary Schools, Secondary Schools
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Human-Vogel, Salomé; Morkel, Jorina – Educational Studies, 2017
In the present study, we examine the personal belief in a just world (PBJW) for teachers and learners in predominantly Afrikaans-speaking South African schools, and the relationship between teachers' PBJW and their perception of problem behaviour in the classroom. The study is informed by national debates of school violence in South African…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Beliefs, Grade 4