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McLoud, Rachael – ProQuest LLC, 2019
An increasing number of parents are opting-out their children from high-stakes. Accountability systems in education have used students' test scores to measure student learning, teacher effectiveness, and school district performance. Students who are opted-out of high-stakes tests are not being evaluated by the state tests, making their level of…
Descriptors: Evaluation, High Stakes Tests, Parent Attitudes, Decision Making
Martinez, Kara E. – ProQuest LLC, 2019
Statistical data analysis was used to test social cognitive theory's mediation model in the domain of reading. The mediation model asserts that reading self-efficacy fully mediates the relationship between reading anxiety and reading comprehension performance. This study tested the mediation model using measures of reading self-efficacy, reading…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Anxiety, Reading Skills, Self Efficacy
Li, Daren – ProQuest LLC, 2019
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impacts of English language learners (ELL) and socioeconomic status (SES) on Matthew effect or compensatory trajectory by analyzing students' English language arts (ELA) test scores. This study applied the concept of the Matthew effect or the compensatory trajectory in the ELA proficiency tests with…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Socioeconomic Status, Language Arts, Scores