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ERIC Number: ED578625
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Pages: 217
Abstractor: As Provided
ISBN: 978-0-3552-2147-3
Examining the Relationship between Technology & Engineering Instruction and Technology & Engineering Literacy in K-8 Education
Mitchell, Tamarra L.
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, Duquesne University
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between technology and engineering instruction and technology and engineering literacy in grades K-8. The factors identified and used for the purpose of this study were gender, socioeconomic status, race/ethnicity, and important modes of technology and engineering instruction. These factors were evaluated to determine their relationship to student achievement scores on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) 2014 Technology and Engineering Literacy (TEL) assessment. Eight important modes of technology and engineering instruction were identified including: (1) choices people make that affect the environment, (2) inventions changing the way people live, (3) people working together to solve community/world problems, (4) figuring out why something is not working, (5) using different tools to see which is best, (6) building or testing models to check solutions, (7) crediting others for their ideas, and (8) judging the reliability of sources. These eight modes were analyzed in terms of exposure frequency to determine which level of exposure related to the highest level of technology and engineering literacy achievement. Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted to examine the relationship between independent variables and achievement on the NAEP TEL assessment. The study findings provided evidence to suggest that demographic predictors such as gender, socioeconomic status, and race/ethnicity have a significant relationship on student achievement in technology and engineering literacy. Additionally, evidence suggests that the more frequently students are exposed to technology and engineering modes of instruction, the higher their technology and engineering literacy achievement will be. Limitations of the study exist due to the use of an NAEP assessment and data. US leaders, policy makers, and educators, however, can benefit from this research when determining how to best allocate funding and resources as well as developing and extending their STEM programs within schools. Additional research in this area is recommended to determine how factors can relate to technology and engineering literacy at various grade levels and across time. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page:]
ProQuest LLC. 789 East Eisenhower Parkway, P.O. Box 1346, Ann Arbor, MI 48106. Tel: 800-521-0600; Web site:
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Assessment of Educational Progress