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O'Loughlin, Tricia Ann – ProQuest LLC, 2017
Beginning learners of English progress through the same stages to acquire language. However, the length of time each student spends at a particular stage may vary greatly. Under the current educational policies, ELL students are expected to participate in the general education curriculum while developing their proficiency in the English language.…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Oral Reading, Reading Fluency, Statistical Analysis
Beckley Yeager, Roberta – ProQuest LLC, 2016
Acting out behaviors is a hindrance to learning across the country. The school-wide positive behavior support (SWPBS) model is a behaviorally-based systems approach to addressing problem behaviors in our school today. The problem this study is designed to address is the issue that student misbehaviors and disruptions cause a loss of valuable…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Positive Behavior Supports, Behavior Problems, Mathematics Achievement
Marino, Tracey L. – ProQuest LLC, 2016
The existence of an achievement gap in the academic performance among various subgroups of students is a well-documented phenomenon in American public education (Blackford & Khojasteh, 2013; "Education Week," 2004; Hayes & Grether, 1969; Hernandez, 2011; National Center for Educational Statistics, 2015). This is certainly the…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Economically Disadvantaged, Disadvantaged Youth, At Risk Students
McInerney, Melissa – ProQuest LLC, 2014
Class size and student achievement have been debated for decades. The vast amount of research on this topic is either conflicting or inconclusive. There are large and small scale studies that support both sides of this dilemma (Achilles, Nye, Boyd-Zaharias, Fulton, & Cain, 1994; Glass & Smith, 1979; Slavin, 1989). Class size reduction is a…
Descriptors: Class Size, Academic Achievement, Budgets, Statistical Analysis
Sugra, Jennifer L. – ProQuest LLC, 2013
The purpose of this quantitative study was to investigate the effect of prekindergarten attendance on boys' and girls' standardized reading achievement scores in third and fifth grade. The thrust for more emphasis on increased information regarding the impact that prekindergarten has on standardized test results, both short-term and long-term, is…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Standardized Tests, Reading Achievement, Scores
Mason-Dorman, Cheryl – ProQuest LLC, 2013
The School District of Philadelphia (SDP), established in 1818, is the eighth largest school district in the United States, with a student enrollment of 184,560 K-12 students. Like most of the other large urban school districts in the United States, its student population consists of more minority students than non-minority students. As the white…
Descriptors: School District Size, School Districts, Academic Achievement, Elementary School Teachers
Gleason, Tara Lynn – ProQuest LLC, 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether elementary schools that endorse implementing core components of Response to Intervention (RTI) differ in student outcomes on the Pennsylvania System of School Assessment (PSSA) Reading Assessment when compared to schools that do not endorse implementing RTI practices. This study also explored…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Response to Intervention, Reading Achievement, Elementary School Students
Piper, Deborah L. – ProQuest LLC, 2013
The purpose of this study was to see if students made gains in reading achievement in the area of reading comprehension by having used a computerized reading instructional program entitled "READ 180RTM." The researcher included a qualitative component to gather teacher and parent perceptions of the use of this program. The theoretical…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Achievement, Computer Assisted Instruction, Reading Instruction
Rice, Shawnik Marie – ProQuest LLC, 2013
Student underachievement in kindergarten through Grade 3 continues to be a challenge in the Philadelphia School District. The purpose of this quantitative descriptive correlation study was to examine, using record archives from one Philadelphia school, whether there is a relationship between (a) reading achievement scores for the Dynamic…
Descriptors: Underachievement, Primary Education, Elementary School Students, Kindergarten
Shirley, Debra J. – ProQuest LLC, 2012
The purpose of this study is to identify the self-reported research-based instructional and assessment practices used by third through fifth grade teachers among rural school environments in Western Pennsylvania which have attained Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) pursuant to statewide assessments. Specifically, this study examines the…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Elementary School Students, Reading Instruction, Mathematics Instruction
Keck, Dana Ann – ProQuest LLC, 2012
Students who have the ability of working through text, while at the same time comprehending what they read, increase the likelihood of school success and lifelong learning (Johnson, 2006). In primary grades, teachers understand that students are learning how to read and in intermediate grades, students are reading to learn new knowledge about a…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Reading Strategies, Grade 5, Elementary School Students
Huber, Melissa S. – ProQuest LLC, 2011
This mixed methods study explored implementing guided reading in grades 3-5 in a suburban school district located in Southeastern Pennsylvania. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how teachers implement guided reading in their classrooms and how the use of guided reading affects student achievement in Text Structure and Vocabulary, Reading…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Small Group Instruction, Elementary School Students, Grade 3
Waleff, Marci Lyn – ProQuest LLC, 2010
Some fourth, fifth and sixth grade students in a rural Pennsylvania school district are not achieving at a proficient level and have low self-efficacy in reading. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between teacher implemented mastery orientation goals, students' judgment of their ability to perform the task of reading…
Descriptors: Rural Schools, Self Efficacy, Reading Achievement, Reading Tests
Pash, Lori L. – ProQuest LLC, 2010
Since No Child Left Behind was enacted, school districts have felt forced to focus on testing. Almost every curriculum decision is based on raising test scores. Under pressure to raise test scores, teachers are encouraged to implement strategies in their classrooms to prepare their students for the PSSA. No Child Left Behind has left school…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Teaching Methods
Hoffman, Elizabeth A. – ProQuest LLC, 2009
One of the greatest challenges for those who study schools and their success in educating students is defining the characteristics of those organizations that are successful, and recognizing the variables that exist to support the actions of the members of the organization. In this era of assessment and accountability, school districts struggle to…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Self Efficacy, Federal Legislation, Focus Groups