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Juva, Ina; Holm, Gunilla; Dovemark, Marianne – Ethnography and Education, 2020
Bullying has been conceptualised as a phenomenon that focuses mainly on individuals and individual behaviour. We seek to broaden the discussion on bullying by describing and defining how teachers participate in and/or enable bullying, and to thus expand the notion of bullying as individual behaviour to include actors, norms and processes. This…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Bullying, Teacher Role, High School Teachers
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Parekh, Gillian; Brown, Robert S. – Educational Policy, 2019
Special education is an approach to schooling that draws significant critique. Scholars often identify special education as a system vulnerable to and complicit in racial, class, and disability segregation, particularly segregation enacted and rationalized through the structural organization of schools and programs. Employing data from the Toronto…
Descriptors: Correlation, Special Education, Student Placement, Special Needs Students
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Düsing, Katharina; Asshoff, Roman; Hammann, Marcus – Journal of Biological Education, 2019
This study investigates students' conceptions of the carbon cycle with regard to the components they believe to be relevant to the carbon cycle, how they interrelate these components, the ways in which they trace carbon atoms, and the different levels of biological organisation they consider when doing so. A total of 142 students aged 13-16 years…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10
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Rusek, Martin; Vojír, Karel – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
This paper focuses on the procedure and results for analyzing text-difficulty in lower-secondary chemistry textbooks in the Czech Republic. The authors use established methodology for text-difficulty analysis by Nestler, adapted by Prucha and Pluskal by adding a second independent analyser to improve reliability. Some textbooks do not follow the…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Secondary School Science, Difficulty Level, Chemistry
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Kok, Karel; Priemer, Burkhard; Musold, Wiebke; Masnick, Amy – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2019
In this study with 153 middle school students, we investigate the influence of the number of decimal places from the reading of a measurement device on students' decisions to change or keep an initial hypothesis about falling objects. Participants were divided into three groups, introduced to two experiments--the time it takes a free falling…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Measurement, Physics, Science Instruction
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Blanco, Megan – State Education Standard, 2019
A number of states have taken steps toward promoting student wellness, with many of their state boards of education in the middle of the action. This article contains some examples of states leading on student wellness by addressing physical fitness, social and emotional learning (SEL), and mental health supports. The Every Student Succeeds Act…
Descriptors: Wellness, Child Health, Physical Fitness, Social Development
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Yoon, Susan A.; Goh, Sao-Ee; Yang, Zhitong – Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education, 2019
Recent research on what students know about complex systems shows that they typically have challenges in understanding particular system ideas such as nonlinearity, complex causality, and decentralized control. Yet this research has yet to adopt a systematic approach to learning about complex systems in an ordered way in line with the Next…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Models, Middle School Students, High School Students
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Kulig, Teresa C.; Cullen, Francis T.; Wilcox, Pamela; Chouhy, Cecilia – Journal of School Violence, 2019
Self-control has provided a useful framework for understanding both offending behavior and victimization risk. As a theory of victimization, research has established that low self-control is directly related to victimization risk beyond a range of other factors. This finding raises the issue of whether other personality traits are associated with…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Victims, Violence, Adolescents
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Confrey, Jere; Toutkoushian, Emily; Shah, Meetal – Applied Measurement in Education, 2019
Fully articulating validation arguments in the context of classroom assessment requires connecting evidence from multiple sources and addressing multiple types of validity in a coherent chain of reasoning. This type of validation argument is particularly complex for assessments that function in close proximity to instruction, address the fine…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Item Response Theory, Middle School Students, Mathematics Instruction
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Sun, Meilu; Du, Jianxia; Xu, Jianzhong; Liu, Fangtong – Psychology in the Schools, 2019
The current study validated the Homework Goal Orientation Scale (HGOS) for secondary school students. Results revealed that HGOS consisted of two distinct but related subscales: mastery-approach and performance-approach. Given satisfactory measurement invariance, the latent mean differences were then examined across gender (males vs. females) and…
Descriptors: Homework, Goal Orientation, Gender Differences, Secondary School Students
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Jaik, Katharina; Wolter, Stefan C. – Journal of Education and Work, 2019
We empirically investigate whether the relationship between the fraction of filled apprenticeships in a particular occupation in the past and the fraction of prospective apprentices having very early intentions to train in this occupation has an impact on the decision to change the intended choice of occupation. We use a unique dataset from…
Descriptors: Labor Market, Intention, Occupational Aspiration, Career Choice
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Maluch, Jessica Tsimprea; Kempert, Sebastian – International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 2019
This study investigates the effect of bilingualism on learning English as a foreign language (L3), examining the impact of manner and sequence of bilingual acquisition and learning as well as language use practices in language minority children. With a sample of 1295 German eighth and ninth graders (bilingual: n = 456, monolingual: n = 839), we…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Multilingualism, Language Minorities, English (Second Language)
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Xuan, Xiaowei; Jin, Qingna; Jo, Injeong; Duan, Yushan; Kim, Mijung – Journal of Geography, 2019
Few studies, if any, have systematically investigated the connection or relationship between geography curriculum and scientific literacy. With this realization, in this article, we examined the potential contribution of geography curriculum to developing students' scientific literacy, with China's middle-school geography curriculum as an example.…
Descriptors: Geography, Geography Instruction, Scientific Literacy, Foreign Countries
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Hild, Pitt; Gut, Christoph; Brückmann, Maja – Research in Science & Technological Education, 2019
Background: Several different measures have been proposed to solve persistent validity problems, such as high task-sampling variability, in the assessment of students' expertise in 'doing science'. Such measures include working with a-priori progression models, using standardised item shells and rating manuals, augmenting the number of tasks per…
Descriptors: Performance Based Assessment, Science Tests, Science Process Skills, Test Validity
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Tirre, Frederike; Kampschulte, Lorenz; Thoma, Gun-Brit; Höffler, Tim; Parchmann, Ilka – Research in Science & Technological Education, 2019
Background: This article describes the design and the evaluation of a student lab program on the topic of nanoscience and technology (NST), mainly focusing on Nanoscience and its applications. The program was designed for students in grades 8-10 and was part of a larger outreach program of the Collaborative Research Center 'Function by Switching'…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Design, Science Laboratories, Intervention
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