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Krolak-Schwerdt, Sabine; Hörstermann, Thomas; Glock, Sabine; Böhmer, Ines – Journal of Experimental Education, 2018
In two studies, we investigated the extent to which research using case vignettes of fictitious students is able to yield research results that are ecologically valid representations of teachers' assessments of students' educational achievement in their real classrooms. The type of assessment was teachers' tracking decisions from primary to…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Academic Achievement, Validity, Vignettes
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Schmidt, Isabelle; Brunner, Martin; Preckel, Franzis – British Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Background: Achievement in math and achievement in verbal school subjects are more strongly correlated than the respective academic self-concepts. The internal/external frame of reference model (I/E model; Marsh, 1986, "Am. Educ. Res. J.," 23, 129) explains this finding by social and dimensional comparison processes. We investigated a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Self Concept