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Jutengren, Göran; Medin, Eva – Journal of Educational Research, 2019
The authors, with Swedish elementary school students (N = 201), 9-12 years old, examined the potential significance to self-perceived academic competence of students' cross-ethnic friendship ties and prosocial behavior to better understand education's minority achievement gap. A crossed-lagged panel model was tested to investigate potential…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Friendship, Prosocial Behavior, Student Diversity
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de Smedt, Fien; Graham, Steve; Van Keer, Hilde – Journal of Educational Research, 2019
The authors investigated the impact of explicit instruction and peer-assisted writing on students' writing motivation and self-efficacy for writing. Eleven teachers and their 206 fifth- and sixth-grade students participated in a 2 (explicit instruction vs. writing opportunities without explicit instruction) × 2 (peer-assisted writing vs. writing…
Descriptors: Writing Attitudes, Direct Instruction, Self Efficacy, Grade 5
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Mavropoulou, Angeliki; Barkoukis, Vassilis; Douka, Styliani; Alexandris, Konstantinos; Hatzimanouil, Dimitris – Journal of Educational Research, 2019
Physical education in elementary education usually provides children's first contact with sports. According to the trans-contextual model of motivation, physical education teachers can positively influence children's beliefs toward and actual leisure time physical activity behavior. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a dance-based…
Descriptors: Personal Autonomy, Student Motivation, Beliefs, Extracurricular Activities
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Huang, Su-Ying; Yeh, Li-Li – Journal of Educational Research, 2019
The authors investigated the relationships among effortful control and frustration and literacy proficiency of preadolescence to determine which subcomponent of effortful control and/or emotion might be critical in achieving academic success. The participants included 72 children recruited from a larger longitudinal study. Children's frustration,…
Descriptors: Literacy, Psychological Patterns, Attention Control, Grade 1
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Vaknin-Nusbaum, Vered; Raveh, Michal – Journal of Educational Research, 2019
The effectiveness of an intervention program aimed at improving morphological awareness was evaluated in Hebrew-speaking poor readers in Grade 5. The 12-week intervention in small groups focused on learning morphological structure of words by identifying, decomposing, and constructing morphologically complex words. Results were compared with a…
Descriptors: Semitic Languages, Grade 5, Reading Skills, Morphology (Languages)
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Garza, Tiberio; Huerta, Margarita; Tong, Fuhui; Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly J. – Journal of Educational Research, 2019
In this study, the authors examined the survivability, or persistence over time, of overall science instruction for English learners (ELs) in treatment and control classrooms within a field-based, quasi-experimental grant-funded project in the United States. The project's goal was to increase ELs' science and language achievement through…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, English Language Learners, Inquiry, Active Learning
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Hu, Hsin-Wen; Chiu, Chiung-Hui; Chiou, Guey-Fa – Journal of Educational Research, 2019
The authors investigated the effects of differing question-stem designs (detailed stem, simple stem, and no stem) on elementary students regarding the quality of the posed questions by students, as well as their science reports, science achievements, and critical thinking ability. A quasi-experimental design was adopted. One hundred fifth-grade…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Science Instruction, Science Teachers, Elementary School Students
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Wendt, Jillian L.; Rockinson-Szapkiw, Amanda; Cordes, Megan – Journal of Educational Research, 2018
The authors of this exploratory study examine the influence of the Georgia science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) model; gender; race; and other achievement on elementary students' science outcomes in Title I schools. Results of the study demonstrate that a positive relationship exists between students participating in a…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Gender Differences, Racial Differences, Ethnicity
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Völlinger, Vanessa A.; Spörer, Nadine; Lubbe, Dirk; Brunstein, Joachim C. – Journal of Educational Research, 2018
This study examined a theoretical model hypothesizing that reading strategies mediate the effects of intrinsic reading motivation, reading fluency, and vocabulary knowledge on reading comprehension. Using path analytic methods, we tested the direct and indirect effects specified in the hypothesized model in a sample of 1105 fifth-graders. In…
Descriptors: Path Analysis, Reading Strategies, Mediation Theory, Models
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Park, Ho-Ryong – Journal of Educational Research, 2018
This qualitative case study investigated 4 Korean elementary level English language learners' (ELLs) cultural identities when they read online texts at home and school. The participants were fourth- or fifth-grade students. The data consisted of observations, interviews, field notes, reflective journals, and the ELLs' verbal reports at home and…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Reading Processes, Self Concept, English (Second Language)
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Caldas, Stephen J.; Reilly, Monique S. – Journal of Educational Research, 2018
The authors used structural equation modeling to map the relationships between student race-ethnicity via the mediating variable physical activity on English language arts (ELA) and mathematics achievement among 964 fourth- and fifth-grade students. The students attended a New York City Metropolitan area school district and completed the Physical…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Race, Ethnicity, Physical Activity Level