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Kung, Melody – AERA Open, 2019
The present study explores whether the relation between aspects of first-grade reading instruction and reading growth through eighth grade differed for Asian language minority (LM) children and native-English-speaking (NE) children. The sample consisted of 6,715 NEs and 242 Asian LMs, followed from first to eighth grade. Findings were as follows:…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Reading Improvement
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Girvan, Erik J.; McIntosh, Kent; Smolkowski, Keith – Educational Psychologist, 2019
There are substantial racial disparities in school discipline but little agreement on how best to measure them. The choice of metric can influence conclusions about the magnitude of racial discipline disproportionality and intervention effectiveness. This article describes 2 common (risk ratio, risk difference) and 3 relatively novel (standardized…
Descriptors: Discipline, Racial Differences, Racial Bias, Disproportionate Representation