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Nowicki, Jacqueline M. – US Government Accountability Office, 2018
Tax credit scholarship (TCS) programs offer state tax credits to individuals or businesses that donate to scholarship funds for students to attend private elementary and secondary schools. Through these credits, donors may reduce the amount they owe in state taxes by the full or a partial amount of their donation, depending on each program's…
Descriptors: School Choice, Tax Credits, Scholarships, Donors
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Hanson, Havala; Yoon, Sun Young – Regional Educational Laboratory Northwest, 2018
Many school districts in the United States are facing severe teacher shortages (Bordonaro, 2017; Palmer, 2017; Seattle Pacific University, 2017; Whaley, 2017). In several states--including Idaho--the difficulty of hiring qualified candidates has expanded beyond historical high-need content areas such as special education and mathematics to include…
Descriptors: School Districts, Teacher Shortage, Teacher Qualifications, Teacher Persistence
Arias, M. Beatriz, Ed.; Fee, Molly, Ed. – Multilingual Matters, 2018
In the last 20 years dual language education programs have increased in number and expanded in range. Whereas once they were predominantly focused at the elementary level, they now span from pre-K through to high school. This book examines the key attributes of successful dual language programs, as well as the challenges and opportunities involved…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Second Language Learning, Profiles, Educational Objectives
Skinner, Rebecca R. – Congressional Research Service, 2018
Assessing the achievement of students in elementary and secondary schools and the nation's educational progress is fundamental to informing education policy approaches. Congressional interest in this area includes and extends beyond the annual assessments administered by states to comply with the educational accountability requirements of Title…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Achievement Tests, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Tests