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Botzum, Krystalyn; Sparks, Kelly; Smothers, Moriah – Science and Children, 2019
While curriculum designed as project-based learning is not suitable for use with every science standard, this methodology can be used when teaching concepts that naturally contain some flexibility. With small adaptations, teachers can implement these practices into the classroom regardless of the grade level. This article provides a detailed…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Student Projects, Scientific Concepts
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Edmondson, Elizabeth; Navy, Shannon; Maeng, Jennifer; Gonczi, Amanda; Mannarino, Anne – Science and Children, 2019
Problem-based learning (PBL) involves students solving a problem with multiple solutions over time, like scientists in real-world contexts. This fourth-grade PBL unit had students become part of an endeavor to help their state of Virginia become energy independent. It conceptualized energy independence as becoming self-sufficient for energy…
Descriptors: Problem Based Learning, Elementary School Science, Grade 4, Elementary School Students
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Grumbach, Elizabeth – Science and Children, 2019
This article describes an 8-10 week problem-based learning unit for fifth graders that introduced them to the facts underlying global climate change. This unit was inspired by the lack of awareness in our national population around this clear threat to our global ecosystem and takes on this goal: to provide students (our future advocates and…
Descriptors: Problem Based Learning, Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Climate
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Masters, Heidi; Hilgendorf, Chelsey; Stundahl, Lisa; Gresl, Megan; Jentsch, Amber – Science and Children, 2019
To support elementary school students in finding a solution to an engineering problem, the authors developed a series of five lessons using the 5E Instructional Model (Bybee 2014). The lessons align with the "Next Generation Science Standards" and the "Common Core State Standards" and integrate the teaching and learning of…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Grade 2, Elementary School Students
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Merricks, Jessica; Lankford, Deanna – Science and Children, 2019
For some elementary science teachers, a unit on land and water brings nightmares of dirt and water all over the room. Several Earth science "kits" contain hands-on exercises that allow the students to "get messy" as they manipulate materials; however, these lessons may lack the necessary opportunities for students to ask unique…
Descriptors: Elementary School Science, Elementary School Students, Science Education, Relevance (Education)
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Rouse, Rob; Rouse, Amy Gillespie – Science and Children, 2019
Although incorporating engineering into science instruction seems straightforward, adding more content into an already busy school day may be overwhelming for some teachers. To address this challenge, the authors created a unit that integrates engineering and literacy instruction. This article demonstrates how young students can learn…
Descriptors: Engineering, Engineering Education, Science Instruction, Science Teachers
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Edelen, Daniel; Bush, Sarah B.; Nickels, Megan – Science and Children, 2019
Because students have often been conditioned as passive learners and receivers of knowledge, it can be difficult for them to persevere in solving authentic problems. Nevertheless, teachers must persist in preparing students as problem solvers and critical thinkers. In an urban inner-city neighborhood school in the southeast, students embarked on a…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Jurkiewicz, Melissa A.; Kirn, Adam; Crowther, David – Science and Children, 2019
Interactions with forces and energy can range from a toddler dropping toys repeatedly for someone else to pick up to a group of fifth graders playing soccer at recess. In addition, students may have observed the power of water to move physical objects by seeing news footage of rising floodwaters, experimenting with a garden hose, or spending a day…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5, Water
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Bess, Cassie – Science and Children, 2019
STEM is a commonly used acronym in today's education world. Parents hear the term and hope their child's school will be embracing it, teachers plan units encompassing it, even those outside the education realm have heard it and think it is important. But, do students actually understand the four disciplines and can they clearly express what they…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Elementary School Students, Units of Study, Pollution
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Harshbarger, Dena – Science and Children, 2019
The typical elementary classroom hosts a range of diverse students. Not only do students bring varying academic readiness levels, background experiences, interests, personalities, and learning preferences to the classroom, but some students also have physical disabilities that must be considered when designing science instruction. The formerly…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Teaching Methods, Science Instruction, Student Diversity
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Goggins, Marcelle; Haas, Alison; Grapin, Scott; Llosa, Lorena; Lee, Okhee – Science and Children, 2019
While there is consensus in the science education community on the importance of crosscutting concepts (CCCs) for all students, teachers have been given limited guidance on how to integrate CCCs into science instruction. In this article, the authors propose that teachers view CCCs as resources that students use in their everyday lives to make…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Science Instruction, Teacher Attitudes, Science Teachers
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Gumpert, Mindy; McConell, William – Science and Children, 2019
Students with disabilities spend the majority of their day in the general education classroom (U.S. Department of Education 2017). However, these students consistently underperform in science. This highlights the importance of using effective differentiated instruction. According to Mastropieri and colleagues (2006), differentiated instruction…
Descriptors: Students with Disabilities, Science Instruction, Individualized Instruction, Grade 3
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Bradbury, Leslie; Wilson, Rachel – Science and Children, 2019
In this article, fourth graders investigate the physical and behavioral adaptations of crayfish. Because crayfish are native to the area and many students have experience observing them in local streams, the author decided to use these organisms to explore the relationship between the structure of their various body parts and how those structures…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Grade 4, Animals, Science Instruction
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Kye, Hannah – Science and Children, 2019
In this article, second graders learn the basics of engineering through an exploration of magnetic levitation (maglev) technology. The author designed and taught the lessons to a class of 26 students enrolled in a month-long summer science program. The maglev lessons took place over three mornings (15 minutes for the first lesson and 40 minutes…
Descriptors: Grade 2, Engineering Education, Magnets, Summer Science Programs
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Adelmund, Donna; Uhlenberg, Jill – Science and Children, 2019
Fidget spinners have become a fixation among school children and adults. Pappas (2017) hails spinners as both a boon to stress relief and a constraint on the ability to focus in persons with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or autism. Spinners can be a distraction in school classrooms, to the point that many schools have banned…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism
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