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Lachapelle, Cathy P.; Cunningham, Christine M.; Oh, Yoonkyung – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Technology is important to all aspects of our lives, so helping students develop an accurate understanding of technology should be an educational goal at the K-12 level. Assessments are important tools in reaching this goal. We developed an instrument to measure the technology conceptions of children ages 8-11, the 'What is Technology' (WT)…
Descriptors: Childhood Attitudes, Knowledge Level, Elementary School Students, Technology
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Rees, Carol A. B.; Roth, Wolff-Michael – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Teacher-student discourse continues to be teacher-centred even though researchers and reform documents have recommended changes toward increased levels of student-centred discourse. In science education this situation is paralleled by effort to make scientific inquiry more student-centred. The purpose of this study was to investigate how discourse…
Descriptors: Student Centered Learning, Science Instruction, Team Teaching, Classroom Communication
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Kim, Mijung; Pegg, Jerine – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Recognising critical reasoning and problem-solving as one of the key skills for twenty-first century citizenship, various types of problem contexts have been practiced in science classrooms to enhance students' understandings and use of evidence-based thinking and justification. Good problems need to allow students to adapt and evaluate the…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Problem Solving, Thinking Skills, Critical Thinking
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Lan, Shu-Wen; de Oliveira, Luciana C. – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Recent science-education reforms have targeted students' ability to 'talk science', especially in science classrooms. Prior research has shown that participation in scientific discourse in class is one of the most challenging scientific-literacy tasks, and particularly complex for English language learners (ELLs) at the upper elementary level. The…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Science Instruction, Student Participation, Scientific Literacy
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van der Graaf, Joep; van de Sande, Eva; Gijsel, Martine; Segers, Eliane – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Inquiry-based lessons have been demonstrated to improve children's scientific thinking (i.e. reasoning abilities and domain-specific knowledge). Although empirical evidence shows that inquiry-based learning requires instruction, research comes from two approaches that have not been bridged yet: direct instruction of scientific reasoning and…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Direct Instruction, Active Learning, Inquiry
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Alred, Ashley R.; Doherty, Jennifer H.; Hartley, Laurel M.; Harris, Cornelia B.; Dauer, Jenny M. – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
An understanding of biological variation is important for understanding ecological interactions, ecosystem function, and species' response to environmental change. Biological variation is essential to species survival because natural selection acts upon the phenotypic variation within a population: the more varied the population's genetic…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Knowledge Level, Scientific Concepts
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Rojas Rojas, Sandra Patricia; Meneses, Alejandra; Sánchez Miguel, Emilio – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Reading is a tool that promotes the learning of science across schooling. Scientific texts are conceptually and linguistically complex, especially for students from low-income contexts because they have neither the experience with the language nor the literacy skills to face the challenges of scientific knowledge. This study used a mix method…
Descriptors: Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Reading Comprehension, Disadvantaged Schools, Low Income Students
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Dori, Y. J.; Zohar, A.; Fischer-Shachor, D.; Kohan-Mass, J.; Carmi, M. – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
This paper describes an Israeli national-level research examining the extent to which admissions of elementary school students to the gifted programmes based on standardised tests are gender-fair. In the research, the gifted students consisted of 275 boys, 128 girls, and additional 80 girls who were admitted to the gifted programme through…
Descriptors: Sex Fairness, Females, Gifted, Thinking Skills
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Lin, Feng; Chan, Carol K. K. – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
This study examined the role of computer-supported knowledge-building discourse and epistemic reflection in promoting elementary-school students' scientific epistemology and science learning. The participants were 39 Grade 5 students who were collectively pursuing ideas and inquiry for knowledge advance using Knowledge Forum (KF) while studying a…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science, Computer Assisted Instruction, Educational Technology
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Meneses, Alejandra; Escobar, José-Pablo; Véliz, Soledad – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
Reading comprehension is a crucial skill that elementary school students must develop in order to learn science. However, there is not yet enough research about the role that multimodal texts play in scaffolding student reading comprehension of complex scientific processes, such as energy transfer. This study explored how verbal and visual…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries, Experimental Groups
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Zheng, Lanqin; Dong, Yan; Huang, Ronghuai; Chang, Chun-Yen; Bhagat, Kaushal Kumar – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
The purpose of this study was to examine the relations between primary school students' conceptions of, approaches to, and self-efficacy in learning science in Mainland China. A total of 1049 primary school students from Mainland China participated in this study. Three instruments were adapted to measure students' conceptions of learning science,…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Elementary School Science, Elementary School Students, Student Attitudes
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Karvánková, Petra; Popjaková, Dagmar – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
Pupil research in school lessons in the sense of Inquiry-Based Education (IBE) is one of the constructivist approaches to education. Inquiry strengthens the positive approach of pupils to natural science subjects, encouraging them to study phenomena and processes taking place in the natural environment around them and use the acquired knowledge in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Physical Geography, Interdisciplinary Approach, Inquiry
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Gómez Fernández, Roberto; Siry, Christina – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
Culturally and linguistically diverse (CLD) students have different home languages and cultures from many of their peers, In our context, these students suffer from higher school drop-out rates than their peers and are far behind their peers in sciences. This study investigates the interactions of a nine-year-old child whose home language is…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Bilingual Students, Portuguese, Elementary School Students
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Šimunovic, Mara; Reic Ercegovac, Ina; Burušic, Josip – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
The success of science education in classroom and out-of-school settings can be influenced by parents' behaviours and STEM-related values. The present study investigated pathways in parent-to-child transmission of STEM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics) values by examining at same time parents' values and behaviours, along with their…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Path Analysis, Parent Attitudes, Parent Child Relationship
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Nichol, Carolyn; Chow, Alice; Furtwengler, Scott – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
We first examined the effects of a year-long professional development (PD) programme for elementary science teachers on fifth grade student performance on state-mandated science achievement tests of students from a treatment and a comparison group of teachers in the 2009-2010 academic year. Then, we investigated the longer-term impacts by…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Elementary School Teachers, Science Teachers, Elementary School Students
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