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Developmental Psychology38
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Showing 1 to 15 of 38 results Save | Export
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Martin, Monica J.; Conger, Rand D.; Robins, Richard W. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
The present study examines the influence of economic and family stress processes on change in drug and alcohol use in a cohort of 478 Mexican American youth (50.8% female) followed longitudinally beginning in Grade 5 when the youth averaged 10.4 years of age. Adolescents, their mothers (median age 36 at Grade 5), and their fathers (median age 39…
Descriptors: Mexican Americans, Family Characteristics, Family Environment, Preadolescents
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Low, Sabina; Smolkowski, Keith; Cook, Clayton; Desfosses, Danielle – Developmental Psychology, 2019
This study examined the impact of a commonly adopted elementary universal social-emotional learning program, Second Step, on student social-emotional and academic outcomes following 2 years of implementation. The cluster-randomized wait-list control trial included 61 schools, 321 teachers, and 8,941 early elementary students across 2 states, with…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary School Students
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Smetana, Judith; Robinson, Jessica; Bourne, Stacia V.; Wainryb, Cecilia – Developmental Psychology, 2019
This study examined 131 U.S. middle class early, middle, and late adolescents' (M[subscript age] = 12.74, 15.81, and 20.40 years, respectively) narratives regarding experiences of disclosure, concealment, and lying to parents and responses to direct probes about lessons learned about self and parents. The thematic content focused primarily on…
Descriptors: Deception, Personal Narratives, Parent Child Relationship, Self Concept
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Roebers, Claudia M.; Mayer, Boris; Steiner, Martina; Bayard, Natalie S.; van Loon, Mariëtte H. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Although the literature consistently documents strong improvements in metacognitive skills over the elementary school years, relatively little is known about the mechanisms fueling these developments. One factor that is being discussed in the literature and targeted in the present approach is cue utilization. Cue utilization quantifies the degree…
Descriptors: Cues, Metacognition, Accuracy, Validity
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Wang, Yiji; Zhou, Xiaohui – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Deficits in executive function have been associated with internalizing problems in children. Yet little is known about the mechanisms that may explain this association. Using longitudinal data across elementary school years (N = 1,364), this study examined the role of peer difficulty and poor academic performance in understanding longitudinal…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Elementary School Students, Academic Achievement, Peer Relationship
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Kirkham, Natasha Z.; Rea, Michaela; Osborne, Tamsin; White, Hayely; Mareschal, Denis – Developmental Psychology, 2019
The current study investigates whether informative, mutually redundant audiovisual cues support better performance in a category learning paradigm. Research suggests that, under some conditions, redundant multisensory cues supports better learning, when compared with unisensory cues. This was examined systematically across two experiments. In…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Cues, Auditory Stimuli, Visual Stimuli
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Davies, Patrick T.; Thompson, Morgan J.; Coe, Jesse L.; Sturge-Apple, Melissa L.; Martin, Meredith J. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Guided primarily by life history theory, this study was designed to identify how and why early exposure to caregiver intimate relationship instability uniquely predicts children's externalizing symptoms in the context of other dimensions of unpredictability characterized by residential and parental job transitions. Participants included 243…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Structural Equation Models, Interpersonal Relationship, Parent Child Relationship
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Ialongo, Nicholas S.; Domitrovich, Celene; Embry, Dennis; Greenberg, Mark; Lawson, April; Becker, Kimberly D.; Bradshaw, Catherine – Developmental Psychology, 2019
The Good Behavior Game (GBG, Barrish, Saunders, & Wolf, 1969) and the PATHS Curriculum (Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies; Greenberg, Kusche, Cook, & Quamma, 1995) represent 2 universal, elementary school, preventive interventions which have been shown in large-scale, randomized controlled trials to have an immediate and beneficial…
Descriptors: Prevention, Intervention, Program Effectiveness, Student Behavior
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Dys, Sebastian P.; Peplak, Joanna; Colasante, Tyler; Malti, Tina – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Economically disadvantaged children often lack the resources to purchase popular goods and participate in their preferred social groups' activities, making it difficult to fit in. Meanwhile, children from middle socioeconomic status (SES) families may have additional influence over whether low SES children are included in such groups. We examined…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Prosocial Behavior, Socioeconomic Status, Economically Disadvantaged
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Geer, Elyssa A.; Quinn, Jamie M.; Ganley, Colleen M. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Previous research has demonstrated a link between spatial and math skills. However, little research has examined this relation longitudinally. The present study examines the development of and reciprocal relations between spatial and math skills in elementary school students. We administered two spatial tasks and a math task to 312 first- through…
Descriptors: Correlation, Spatial Ability, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Morrow, Virginia; Boyden, Jo – Developmental Psychology, 2019
The papers making up this Special Section reveal important findings and begin to fill gaps in existing literature about children's and young people's understanding and developing beliefs about socio-economic inequality and poverty. We draw on our research experience with children growing up in poverty in Ethiopia, India, Peru, and Vietnam (Young…
Descriptors: Poverty, Social Differences, Sociology, Anthropology
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Willoughby, Michael T.; Wylie, Amanda C.; Little, Michael H. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Children with higher levels of executive function (EF) skills consistently demonstrate higher levels of academic achievement. Despite the consistency of these associations, fundamental questions remain about whether efforts to improve an individual child's EF skills result in corresponding improvements in his or her academic performance. In the…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Academic Achievement, Cognitive Ability, Achievement Gains
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Neubauer, Andreas B.; Dirk, Judith; Schmiedek, Florian – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Elementary schoolchildren's working memory performance (WMP) fluctuates from moment to moment and day to day, yet the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. In the present study, affective states were investigated as predictors of these fluctuations. Interindividual differences in the intraindividual affect--WMP associations were expected,…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Short Term Memory, Individual Differences, Predictor Variables
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Paquette-Smith, Melissa; Buckler, Helen; White, Katherine S.; Choi, Jiyoun; Johnson, Elizabeth K. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Language and accent strongly influence the formation of social groups. By five years of age, children already show strong social preferences for peers who speak their native language with a familiar accent (Kinzler, Shutts, DeJesus, & Spelke, 2009). However, little is known about the factors that modulate the strength and direction of…
Descriptors: Pronunciation, Sociolinguistics, Preferences, Second Language Learning
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Atkinson, Amy L.; Waterman, Amanda H.; Allen, Richard J. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Recent research found no evidence that children aged 7-10 years are able to direct their attention to more valuable information in working memory. The current experiments examined whether children demonstrate this ability when the reward system used to motivate participants is engaging and age-appropriate. This was explored across different memory…
Descriptors: Children, Short Term Memory, Learning Motivation, Cognitive Processes
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