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In 20199
Since 201813
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Journal Articles13
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Vaughn, Sharon; Roberts, Garrett J.; Miciak, Jeremy; Taylor, Pat; Fletcher, Jack M. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
We examine the efficacy of an intervention to improve word reading and reading comprehension in fourth- and fifth-grade students with significant reading problems. Using a randomized control trial design, we compare the fourth- and fifth-grade reading outcomes of students with severe reading difficulties who were provided a researcher-developed…
Descriptors: Intervention, Learning Disabilities, Word Recognition, Reading Comprehension
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Toste, Jessica R.; Capin, Philip; Williams, Kelly J.; Cho, Eunsoo; Vaughn, Sharon – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
This randomized control trial examined the efficacy of an intervention aimed at improving multisyllabic word reading (MWR) skills among fourth- and fifth-grade struggling readers (n = 109, 48.6% male), as well as the relative effects of an embedded motivational beliefs training component. This study was a closely aligned replication of our earlier…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Skills, Syllables, Grade 4
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Miciak, Jeremy; Cirino, Paul T.; Ahmed, Yusra; Reid, Erin; Vaughn, Sharon – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
Inadequate responders demonstrate significant risk for learning disabilities. Previous investigations of the cognitive profiles of inadequate and adequate responders have not included measures of executive functions (EFs), which have well-documented associations to reading comprehension. We evaluated EF performance on a common factor comprised of…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Response to Intervention, Identification, Reading Difficulties
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Vaughn, Sharon; Roberts, Greg; Capin, Philip; Miciak, Jeremy; Cho, Eunsoo; Fletcher, Jack M. – Exceptional Children, 2019
This study examined how differences in listening comprehension and word reading at the beginning of the school year influence changes in reading comprehension for English learners (ELs) with significant reading difficulties compared to non-ELs with significant reading difficulties. The study investigated heterogeneity in response to instruction…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Vocabulary Development, Language Skills, Reading Comprehension
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Barr, Christopher D.; Reutebuch, Colleen K.; Carlson, Coleen D.; Vaughn, Sharon; Francis, David J. – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2019
Beginning in 2002, researchers developed, implemented, and evaluated the efficacy of an English reading intervention for first-grade English learners using multiple randomized control trials (RCTs). As a result of this efficacy work, researchers successfully competed for an IES Goal 4 effectiveness study using the same intervention. Unlike the…
Descriptors: Intervention, English Language Learners, Grade 1, Elementary School Students
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Stevens, Elizabeth A.; Park, Sunyoung; Vaughn, Sharon – Remedial and Special Education, 2019
This systematic review examines the effects of summarizing and main idea interventions on the reading comprehension outcomes of struggling readers in Grades 3 through 12. A comprehensive search identified 30 studies published in peer-reviewed journals between 1978 and 2016. Studies included struggling reader participants in Grades 3 through 12;…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Expository Writing
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Church, Jessica A.; Cirino, Paul T.; Miciak, Jeremy; Juranek, Jenifer; Vaughn, Sharon; Fletcher, Jack M. – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2019
The role of executive function (EF) in the reading process, and in those with reading difficulties, remains unclear. As members of the Texas Center for Learning Disabilities, we review multiple perspectives regarding EF in reading and then summarize some of our recent studies of struggling and typical readers in grades 3-5. Study 1a found that a…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Reading Difficulties, Response to Intervention, Reading Processes
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Cho, Eunsoo; Capin, Philip; Roberts, Greg; Roberts, Garrett J.; Vaughn, Sharon – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
In the present study, we compared the extent to which linguistic comprehension (vocabulary and listening comprehension) and word reading explain reading comprehension differentially for English learners (ELs) and non-ELs with reading difficulties. We also investigated whether different mechanisms of reading comprehension failure exist for each…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, English Language Learners, Listening Comprehension
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Roberts, Garrett J.; Capin, Philip; Roberts, Greg; Miciak, Jeremy; Quinn, Jamie M.; Vaughn, Sharon – Remedial and Special Education, 2018
We examined the efficacy of an afterschool multicomponent reading intervention for third- through fifth-grade students with reading difficulties. A total of 419 students were identified for participation based on a 90 standard score or below on a screening measure of the Test of Silent Reading Efficiency and Comprehension. Participating students…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, After School Education, Remedial Reading, Intervention
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Cho, Eunsoo; Capin, Philip; Roberts, Greg; Vaughn, Sharon – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
Within multitiered instructional delivery models, progress monitoring is a key mechanism for determining whether a child demonstrates an adequate response to instruction. One measure commonly used to monitor the reading progress of students is oral reading fluency (ORF). This study examined the extent to which ORF slope predicts reading…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Oral Reading, Reading Fluency, Elementary School Students
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Wanzek, Jeanne; Stevens, Elizabeth A.; Williams, Kelly J.; Scammacca, Nancy; Vaughn, Sharon; Sargent, Katherine – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
Many students at risk for or identified with reading disabilities need intensive reading interventions. This meta-analysis provides an update to the Wanzek and Vaughn synthesis on intensive early reading interventions. Effects from 25 reading intervention studies are analyzed to examine the overall effect of intensive early reading interventions…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Early Intervention, Reading Difficulties, At Risk Students
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Capin, Philip; Walker, Melodee A.; Vaughn, Sharon; Wanzek, Jeanne – Educational Psychology Review, 2018
Treatment fidelity data (descriptive and statistical) are critical to interpreting and generalizing outcomes of intervention research. Despite recommendations for treatment fidelity reporting from funding agencies and researchers, past syntheses have found treatment fidelity is frequently unreported (e.g., Swanson, "The Journal of Special…
Descriptors: Intervention, Fidelity, Reading Research, At Risk Students
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Austin, Christy R.; Wanzek, Jeanne; Scammacca, Nancy K.; Vaughn, Sharon; Gesel, Samantha A.; Donegan, Rachel E.; Engelmann, Morgan L. – Exceptional Children, 2019
Empirical studies investigating supplemental reading interventions for students with or at risk for reading disabilities in the early elementary grades have demonstrated a range of effect sizes. Identifying the findings from high-quality research can provide greater certainty of findings related to the effectiveness of supplemental reading…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, At Risk Students, Reading Difficulties, Supplementary Education