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Clarke, Ben; Doabler, Christian T.; Smolkowski, Keith; Turtura, Jessica; Kosty, Derek; Kurtz-Nelson, Evangeline; Fien, Hank; Baker, Scott K. – Exceptional Children, 2019
This study examined the role of initial skill in moderating intervention effects of a 50-lesson mathematics intervention program, ROOTS, for at-risk kindergarten students focused on developing whole-number concepts and skills. The study utilized a randomized block design with at-risk students (n = 592) within classrooms (n = 60) randomly assigned…
Descriptors: Correlation, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Instruction, Kindergarten
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Low, Sabina; Smolkowski, Keith; Cook, Clayton; Desfosses, Danielle – Developmental Psychology, 2019
This study examined the impact of a commonly adopted elementary universal social-emotional learning program, Second Step, on student social-emotional and academic outcomes following 2 years of implementation. The cluster-randomized wait-list control trial included 61 schools, 321 teachers, and 8,941 early elementary students across 2 states, with…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary School Students
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Girvan, Erik J.; McIntosh, Kent; Smolkowski, Keith – Educational Psychologist, 2019
There are substantial racial disparities in school discipline but little agreement on how best to measure them. The choice of metric can influence conclusions about the magnitude of racial discipline disproportionality and intervention effectiveness. This article describes 2 common (risk ratio, risk difference) and 3 relatively novel (standardized…
Descriptors: Discipline, Racial Differences, Racial Bias, Disproportionate Representation
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Baker, Doris Luft; Azcarrága, Maribel Granada; Correa, María Pilar Pomes; Lepe-Martinez, Nancy; Smolkowski, Keith – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2019
This study explores the effects of a Spanish vocabulary intervention on the literacy outcomes of students at risk for vocabulary difficulties in Chile. We screened 2nd-grade students (N = 84) with a standardized Spanish vocabulary measure. We then randomly assigned students who scored below the 40th percentile (n = 30) to an intervention or…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Spanish, Vocabulary Development, Intervention
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Arnesen, Anne; Smolkowski, Keith; Ogden, Terje; Melby-Lervåg, Monica – Emotional & Behavioural Difficulties, 2018
This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Elementary Social Behaviour Assessment (ESBA), a teacher-report measure of students' social skills and academic engagement adapted for use in Norwegian schools. At two times, 8 weeks apart, 151 teachers rated 793 students in Grades 1-6 on the ESBA and the Social Skills Rating System…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary School Students, Behavior Rating Scales
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Gion, Cody; McIntosh, Kent; Smolkowski, Keith – Behavioral Disorders, 2018
The present study examined the extent to which racial disproportionality in office discipline referrals (ODRs) exists between American Indian/Alaska Native (AIAN) and White students in elementary (n = 140), middle (n = 67), and high (n = 48) schools. A multilevel logistic regression model was applied to examine overall levels of ODR…
Descriptors: Racial Differences, American Indian Students, Alaska Natives, White Students