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Parekh, Gillian; Brown, Robert S. – Educational Policy, 2019
Special education is an approach to schooling that draws significant critique. Scholars often identify special education as a system vulnerable to and complicit in racial, class, and disability segregation, particularly segregation enacted and rationalized through the structural organization of schools and programs. Employing data from the Toronto…
Descriptors: Correlation, Special Education, Student Placement, Special Needs Students
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Düsing, Katharina; Asshoff, Roman; Hammann, Marcus – Journal of Biological Education, 2019
This study investigates students' conceptions of the carbon cycle with regard to the components they believe to be relevant to the carbon cycle, how they interrelate these components, the ways in which they trace carbon atoms, and the different levels of biological organisation they consider when doing so. A total of 142 students aged 13-16 years…
Descriptors: Scientific Concepts, Grade 8, Grade 9, Grade 10
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Rusek, Martin; Vojír, Karel – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2019
This paper focuses on the procedure and results for analyzing text-difficulty in lower-secondary chemistry textbooks in the Czech Republic. The authors use established methodology for text-difficulty analysis by Nestler, adapted by Prucha and Pluskal by adding a second independent analyser to improve reliability. Some textbooks do not follow the…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Secondary School Science, Difficulty Level, Chemistry
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Kok, Karel; Priemer, Burkhard; Musold, Wiebke; Masnick, Amy – Physical Review Physics Education Research, 2019
In this study with 153 middle school students, we investigate the influence of the number of decimal places from the reading of a measurement device on students' decisions to change or keep an initial hypothesis about falling objects. Participants were divided into three groups, introduced to two experiments--the time it takes a free falling…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Measurement, Physics, Science Instruction
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Blanco, Megan – State Education Standard, 2019
A number of states have taken steps toward promoting student wellness, with many of their state boards of education in the middle of the action. This article contains some examples of states leading on student wellness by addressing physical fitness, social and emotional learning (SEL), and mental health supports. The Every Student Succeeds Act…
Descriptors: Wellness, Child Health, Physical Fitness, Social Development
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Yoon, Susan A.; Goh, Sao-Ee; Yang, Zhitong – Complicity: An International Journal of Complexity and Education, 2019
Recent research on what students know about complex systems shows that they typically have challenges in understanding particular system ideas such as nonlinearity, complex causality, and decentralized control. Yet this research has yet to adopt a systematic approach to learning about complex systems in an ordered way in line with the Next…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Models, Middle School Students, High School Students
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Kulig, Teresa C.; Cullen, Francis T.; Wilcox, Pamela; Chouhy, Cecilia – Journal of School Violence, 2019
Self-control has provided a useful framework for understanding both offending behavior and victimization risk. As a theory of victimization, research has established that low self-control is directly related to victimization risk beyond a range of other factors. This finding raises the issue of whether other personality traits are associated with…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Victims, Violence, Adolescents
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Confrey, Jere; Toutkoushian, Emily; Shah, Meetal – Applied Measurement in Education, 2019
Fully articulating validation arguments in the context of classroom assessment requires connecting evidence from multiple sources and addressing multiple types of validity in a coherent chain of reasoning. This type of validation argument is particularly complex for assessments that function in close proximity to instruction, address the fine…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Item Response Theory, Middle School Students, Mathematics Instruction
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Sun, Meilu; Du, Jianxia; Xu, Jianzhong; Liu, Fangtong – Psychology in the Schools, 2019
The current study validated the Homework Goal Orientation Scale (HGOS) for secondary school students. Results revealed that HGOS consisted of two distinct but related subscales: mastery-approach and performance-approach. Given satisfactory measurement invariance, the latent mean differences were then examined across gender (males vs. females) and…
Descriptors: Homework, Goal Orientation, Gender Differences, Secondary School Students
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Garn, Alex C.; Morin, Alexandre J. S.; Lonsdale, Chris – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Student motivation research seeks to uncover greater understanding of when, how, and why students succeed or fail in school settings. Self-determination theory has been at the forefront of helping educational stakeholders answer questions on student motivation. This study investigates the motivation mediation model proposed by self-determination…
Descriptors: Psychological Needs, Need Gratification, Student Motivation, Self Determination
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Sporre, Karin – Journal of Curriculum Studies, 2019
The purpose of this study is to describe, critically analyse and discuss the Swedish system of assessing ethics education in compulsory school through national tests. The publicly available tests from 2013 for grades six and nine have been studied as have the assessment instructions for teachers. Staff responsible for the test construction have…
Descriptors: Ethical Instruction, Compulsory Education, Foreign Countries, National Competency Tests
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Sharpe, Sheree T. – Mathematical Thinking and Learning: An International Journal, 2019
In this study, the author examined student attempts to translate a verbal problem into an algebraic statement relating two variables, after they had solved an arithmetic question from the same problem. A total of 645 students from New England (U.S.A.) answered the problem on a mathematics assessment administered at the beginning of the school…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Algebra, Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving
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Cuperman, Dan; Verner, Igor M. – Journal of Science Education and Technology, 2019
This article considers student analogical reasoning associated with learning practice in creating bio-inspired robots. The study was in the framework of an outreach course for middle school students. Fifty eighth and ninth graders performed inquiries into behavior and locomotion of snakes and designed robotic models using the BIOLOID robot…
Descriptors: Logical Thinking, Robotics, Models, Biological Sciences
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West, Jessica A. – E-Learning and Digital Media, 2019
In this article, I share the ways in which New Literacies theory served as an interpretive lens to understand how the Internet as a cultural tool mediates the literacy actions of adolescents in English Language Arts classrooms. Data were drawn from a larger study in which students who were considered "at-risk" because of previous…
Descriptors: Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Literacy Education, Internet
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Gremmen, Mariola C.; Berger, Christian; Ryan, Allison M.; Steglich, Christian E. G.; Veenstra, René; Dijkstra, Jan K. – Child Development, 2019
This study examined to what extent adolescents' and their friends' risk behaviors (i.e., delinquency and alcohol use) hinder or promote their academic achievement (grade point average [GPA]), and vice versa. Longitudinal data were used (N = 1,219 seventh- to ninth-grade adolescents; M[subscript age] = 13.69). Results showed that risk behaviors…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Behavior, Risk, Delinquency
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