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Vaughn, Sharon; Roberts, Garrett J.; Miciak, Jeremy; Taylor, Pat; Fletcher, Jack M. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
We examine the efficacy of an intervention to improve word reading and reading comprehension in fourth- and fifth-grade students with significant reading problems. Using a randomized control trial design, we compare the fourth- and fifth-grade reading outcomes of students with severe reading difficulties who were provided a researcher-developed…
Descriptors: Intervention, Learning Disabilities, Word Recognition, Reading Comprehension
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Toste, Jessica R.; Capin, Philip; Williams, Kelly J.; Cho, Eunsoo; Vaughn, Sharon – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
This randomized control trial examined the efficacy of an intervention aimed at improving multisyllabic word reading (MWR) skills among fourth- and fifth-grade struggling readers (n = 109, 48.6% male), as well as the relative effects of an embedded motivational beliefs training component. This study was a closely aligned replication of our earlier…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Skills, Syllables, Grade 4
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Willoughby, Michael T.; Wylie, Amanda C.; Little, Michael H. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Children with higher levels of executive function (EF) skills consistently demonstrate higher levels of academic achievement. Despite the consistency of these associations, fundamental questions remain about whether efforts to improve an individual child's EF skills result in corresponding improvements in his or her academic performance. In the…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Academic Achievement, Cognitive Ability, Achievement Gains
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Pratt, Megan E.; Swanson, Jodi; van Huisstede, Lauren; Gaias, Larissa M. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2019
Multiple, simultaneous stressors in the family context during early childhood may compromise healthy adjustment to school, with potential long-term implications. Moreover, stressors across multiple contexts (e.g., home and school) can exacerbate the negative influences of stress on children's functioning. We investigated associations between…
Descriptors: Stress Variables, Standardized Tests, Teacher Student Relationship, Student Adjustment
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Son, Seung-Hee Claire; Choi, Ji Young; Kwon, Kyong-Ah – Early Education and Development, 2019
Research Findings: The present study examined patterns of longitudinal associations between inhibitory control (IC) and early academic skills during the preschool and kindergarten years. Using data from the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey Cohort 2009 (FACES 2009) (N = 939), a national data set of predominantly low-income children…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Inhibition, Academic Ability, Preschool Children
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Koriakin, Taylor A.; McCurdy, Mark D.; Pritchard, Alison E.; Zabel, T. Andrew; Jacobson, Lisa A. – Learning Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2019
The present study examined clinical utility of teacher ratings on the Colorado Learning Difficulties Questionnaire (CLDQ) learning difficulties screening within a referred, school-aged sample (N=519, 5-18 years). Of this sample, 419 youth had CLDQ reading scale scores from a reading or general education teacher, and 338 had CLDQ math scale ratings…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Teacher Attitudes, Screening Tests, Reading Skills
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Keller-Margulis, Milena A.; Ochs, Sarah; Reid, Erin K.; Faith, Erin L.; Schanding, G. Thomas, Jr. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2019
Many students struggle with the basic skill of writing, yet schools lack technically adequate screening measures to identify students at risk in this area. Measures that allow for valid screening decisions that identify students in need of interventions to improve performance are greatly needed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Accuracy, Screening Tests, Kindergarten
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Aragón, Estíbaliz; Serrano, Noemí; Navarro, Jose Ignacio – Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, 2018
Introduction: Differences in learning mathematics between boys and girls are being controversial according to different studies. However, those divergences are not always supported by empirical studies. One of the specific sources of difficulties on this topic is the fluency calculation learning, where performance differences between boys and…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Mathematics Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Skills
Herman, Keith C.; Hickmon-Rosa, Jal'et; Reinke, Wendy M. – Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2018
Understanding how teacher stress, burnout, coping, and self-efficacy are interrelated can inform preventive and intervention efforts to support teachers. In this study, we explored these constructs to determine their relation to student outcomes, including disruptive behaviors and academic achievement. Participants in this study were 121 teachers…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Stress Variables, Teacher Burnout, Self Efficacy
Coker, David L.; Ritchey, Kristen D.; Uribe-Zarain, Ximena; Jennings, Austin S. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
To help all students meet the writing expectations of the Common Core State Standards, researchers need a deeper understanding of the characteristics of struggling writers. The purpose of this study was to explore the writing profiles of students including those who have or are at risk for writing disabilities. First-grade students (N = 391) were…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Writing Skills, Writing Evaluation
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Chow, Jason C.; Wehby, Joseph H. – Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 2019
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between language behavior in students with or at risk of emotional and behavioral disorders. School-age students in K-4 grades (N = 300, 76% male) were sampled across three school districts. Students were grouped based on oral language ability and measured on teacher-rated subscales of…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Language Skills, School Districts, Elementary School Students
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Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Luo, Rufan; McFadden, Karen E.; Bandel, Eileen T.; Vallotton, Claire – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
We examined whether the early learning environment predicts children's 5th grade skills in 2,204 families from ethnically diverse, low-income backgrounds; tested the mediating roles of children's pre-kindergarten school-related skills and later learning environment; and asked whether lagged associations generalize across White, Black, Hispanic…
Descriptors: Family Environment, Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Preschool Children
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McKinnon, Rachel D.; Blair, Clancy – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Teacher-child relationships have been linked to children's classroom engagement and to academic achievement. However, researchers have paid minimal attention to individual child factors that predict the development of these relationships. In the current study, we examined executive function (EF) prior to school entry as a predictor of…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Learner Engagement, Academic Achievement, Executive Function
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Gunderson, Elizabeth A.; Park, Daeun; Maloney, Erin A.; Beilock, Sian L.; Levine, Susan C. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
School-entry math achievement is a strong predictor of math achievement through high school. We asked whether reciprocal relations among math achievement, math anxiety, and entity motivational frameworks (believing that ability is fixed and a focus on performance) can help explain these persistent individual differences. We assessed 1st and 2nd…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Anxiety, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Connor, Carol McDonald; Phillips, Beth M.; Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Lonigan, Christopher J.; Kaschak, Michael P.; Crowe, Elizabeth; Dombek, Jennifer; Al Otaiba, Stephanie – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
Testing a component model of reading comprehension in a randomized controlled trial, we evaluated the efficacy of 4 interventions that were designed to target components of language and metacognition that predict children's reading comprehension: vocabulary, listening comprehension, comprehension of literate language, academic knowledge, and…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Intervention, Elementary School Students, Metacognition