ERIC Number: EJ1175472
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2018-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Implementing the Bounce Back Trauma Intervention in Urban Elementary Schools: A Real-World Replication Trial
Santiago, Catherine DeCarlo; Raviv, Tali; Ros, Anna Maria; Brewer, Stephanie K.; Distel, Laura M. L.; Torres, Stephanie A.; Fuller, Anne K.; Lewis, Krystal M.; Coyne, Claire A.; Cicchetti, Colleen; Langley, Audra K.
School Psychology Quarterly, v33 n1 p1-9 Mar 2018
The current study provides the first replication trial of Bounce Back, a school-based intervention for elementary students exposed to trauma, in a different school district and geographical area. Participants in this study were 52 1st through 4th graders (M[subscript age] = 7.76 years; 65% male) who were predominately Latino (82%). Schools were randomly assigned to immediate treatment or waitlist control. Differential treatment effects (Time × Group Interaction) were found for child-reported posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and parent-reported child coping, indicating that the immediate treatment group showed greater reductions in PTSD and improvements in coping compared with the delayed group. Differential treatment effects were not significant for depression or anxiety. Significant maintenance effects were found for both child-reported PTSD and depression as well as parent-reported PTSD and coping for the immediate treatment group at follow-up. Significant treatment effects were also found in the delayed treatment group, showing reductions in child-reported PTSD, depression, and anxiety as well as parent-reported depression and coping upon receiving treatment. In conclusion, the current study suggests that Bounce Back is an effective intervention for reducing PTSD symptoms and improving coping skills, even among a sample experiencing high levels of trauma and other ongoing stressors.
Descriptors: Trauma, Urban Schools, Elementary Schools, Intervention, Elementary School Students, Replication (Evaluation), Hispanic American Students, Program Effectiveness, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Coping, Depression (Psychology), Anxiety, Measures (Individuals), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Behavior Problems, Child Behavior, Questionnaires, Statistical Analysis, Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Childrens Depression Inventory; Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire