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Coyne, Michael D.; McCoach, D. Betsy; Ware, Sharon; Austin, Christy R.; Loftus-Rattan, Susan M.; Baker, Doris L. – Exceptional Children, 2019
We investigated whether individual differences in overall receptive vocabulary knowledge measured at the beginning of the year moderated the effects of a kindergarten vocabulary intervention that supplemented classroom vocabulary instruction. We also examined whether moderation would offset the benefits of providing Tier-2 vocabulary intervention…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Vocabulary Development, Receptive Language, Kindergarten
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Cash, Anne Henry; Ansari, Arya; Grimm, Kevin J.; Pianta, Robert C. – Early Education and Development, 2019
The current study focuses on the cumulative effect on children's early learning outcomes of the quality of teacher-child interactions over multiple years during early childhood. Using propensity score matching to minimize selection bias, we compared the academic outcomes of children who experienced consistently high-quality or consistently…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Interaction, Preschool Education, Kindergarten
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Bustamante, Andres S.; Hindman, Annemarie H. – Early Education and Development, 2019
This study used the FACES 2009 dataset to examine the possibility of an indirect effect of classroom quality on academic school readiness through teacher-rated approaches to learning in a large nationally representative sample of children served by Head Start. Research Findings: Classroom quality did not directly predict gains in academic school…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Early Intervention, At Risk Students, Educational Quality
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Upshur, Carole C.; Wenz-Gross, Melodie; Rhoads, Christopher; Heyman, Miriam; Yoo, Yeonsoo; Sawosik, Gail – Grantee Submission, 2019
A classroom randomized efficacy trial conducted over four years in 7 community-based preschool and 6 Head Start programs investigated effects of the Second Step Early Learning (SSEL) curriculum on end of preschool executive functioning (EF) and social-emotional (SE) skills in low-income children. Outcomes are reported for n=770 four-year-olds…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Early Intervention, Preschool Curriculum, Preschool Children
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Segal, Aviva; Martin-Chang, Sandra – Journal of Research in Reading, 2019
Background: Although a large body of research has investigated teachers' reading-related knowledge and associated pedagogical practices, comparatively little is known about these factors in parents. Therefore, the present study examined the association between parental reading-related knowledge and feedback during child-to-parent reading. Methods:…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Intelligence Tests, Verbal Ability, Vocabulary
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Russell, Jeannette; Drake Shiffler, Molly – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2019
Researchers consistently find a correlation between low literacy levels and high school dropout rates, expulsion, reading achievement, and failing grades for African American males. Low literacy achievement in African American males may result from multiple factors, including dialectic linguistic differences and/or phonological awareness…
Descriptors: Metalinguistics, Reading Achievement, Intervention, Phonology
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Pollard-Durodola, Sharolyn D.; Gonzalez, Jorge E.; Saenz, Laura; Resendez, Nora; Kwok, Oiman; Zhu, Leina; Davis, Heather – Early Education and Development, 2018
Research Findings: This study compared the effects of content-based shared book-reading instruction versus an explicit vocabulary-only condition on the vocabulary development of preschool dual language learners (DLLs). Using shared book reading as the mode of instruction, we randomly assigned 48 bilingual preschool teachers and 281…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Language Proficiency, English (Second Language), Bilingual Teachers
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Johnston, Lauren E.; Mercer, Sterett H.; Geres-Smith, Rhonda – Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 2018
The purpose of this preliminary study was to determine whether incorporating vocabulary instruction in individual reading fluency interventions for English Language Learners (ELLs) would improve reading comprehension. Two vocabulary instructional procedures were contrasted with a fluency-building only condition in an alternating-treatments design…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
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Roberts, Theresa A; Vadasy, Patricia F; Sanders, Elizabeth A – Grantee Submission, 2018
This study investigated: 1) the influence of alphabet instructional content (letter names, letter sounds, or both) on alphabet learning and engagement of English only and dual language learner (DLL) children, and 2) the relation between children's initial status and growth in three underlying cognitive learning processes (paired-associate,…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Alphabets, Experimental Groups, Control Groups
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Vatalaro, Angela; Culp, Anne McDonald; Hahs-Vaughn, Debbie L.; Barnes, Amanda C. – Early Childhood Education Journal, 2018
This study examined the efficacy of using different types of mobile media apps to increase the receptive and expressive vocabulary development of 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old preschool children living in economically disadvantaged communities. Children and teachers in four Head Start classrooms participated in the quasi-experimental study, which…
Descriptors: Quasiexperimental Design, Telecommunications, Handheld Devices, Educational Technology
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Lowman, Joneen; Stone, Laura T.; Guo, Jing – Communication Disorders Quarterly, 2018
Interactive book reading (IBR) has proven effective for increasing children's lexicons with most of the results based on students' learning of nouns. Little is known about the application of IBR to instructional verbs (i.e., words used during the instruction of academic content). To address this gap, 122 prekindergarten children were recruited…
Descriptors: Verbs, Preschool Children, Intervention, Vocabulary Development
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Wawire, Brenda A.; Kim, Young-Suk G. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
Using a randomized control trial, this study examined the causal evidence of cross-language transfer of phonological awareness and letter knowledge (names and sounds) using data from multilingual 1st-grade children (N = 322) in Kenya. Children in the treatment condition received an 8-week instruction on phonological awareness and letter knowledge…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Alphabets, Transfer of Training, Multilingualism